1983 IMO Problems

Problem 1

Find all functions $f$ defined on the set of positive reals which take positive real values and satisfy: $f(xf(y))=yf(x)$ for all $x,y$; and $f(x)\to0$ as $x\to\infty$.


Problem 2

Let $A$ be one of the two distinct points of intersection of two unequal coplanar circles $C_1$ and $C_2$ with centers $O_1$ and $O_2$ respectively. One of the common tangents to the circles touches $C_1$ at $P_1$ and $C_2$ at $P_2$, while the other touches $C_1$ at $Q_1$ and $C_2$ at $Q_2$. Let $M_1$ be the midpoint of $P_1Q_1$ and $M_2$ the midpoint of $P_2Q_2$. Prove that $\angle O_1AO_2=\angle M_1AM_2$.


Problem 3

Let $a,b$ and $c$ be positive integers, no two of which have a common divisor greater than $1$. Show that $2abc-ab-bc-ca$ is the largest integer which cannot be expressed in the form $xbc+yca+zab$, where $x,y,z$ are non-negative integers.


Problem 4

Let $ABC$ be an equilateral triangle and $\mathcal{E}$ the set of all points contained in the three segments $AB$, $BC$, and $CA$ (including $A$, $B$, and $C$). Determine whether, for every partition of $\mathcal{E}$ into two disjoint subsets, at least one of the two subsets contains the vertices of a right-angled triangle.


Problem 5

Is it possible to choose $1983$ distinct positive integers, all less than or equal to $10^5$, no three of which are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression?


Problem 6

Let $a$, $b$ and $c$ be the lengths of the sides of a triangle. Prove that \[a^{2}b(a - b) + b^{2}c(b - c) + c^{2}a(c - a)\ge 0.\] Determine when equality occurs.


See Also

1983 IMO (Problems) • Resources
Preceded by
1982 IMO
1 2 3 4 5 6 Followed by
1984 IMO
All IMO Problems and Solutions