1985 IMO Problems/Problem 5

Problem

A circle with center $O$ passes through the vertices $A$ and $C$ of the triangle $ABC$ and intersects the segments $AB$ and $BC$ again at distinct points $K$ and $N$ respectively. Let $M$ be the point of intersection of the circumcircles of triangles $ABC$ and $KBN$ (apart from $B$). Prove that $\angle OMB = 90^{\circ}$.

Solution

$M$ is the Miquel Point of quadrilateral $ACNK$, so there is a spiral similarity centered at $M$ that takes $KN$ to $AC$. Let $M_1$ be the midpoint of $KA$ and $M_2$ be the midpoint of $NC$. Thus the spiral similarity must also send $M_1$ to $M_2$ and so $BMM_1 M_2$ is cyclic. $OM_1 B M_2$ is also cyclic with diameter $BO$ and thus $M$ must lie on the same circumcircle as $B$, $M_1$, and $M_2$ so $\angle OMB = 90^{\circ}$.

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