1987 AIME Problems/Problem 14

Problem

Compute

$\frac{(10^4+324)(22^4+324)(34^4+324)(46^4+324)(58^4+324)}{(4^4+324)(16^4+324)(28^4+324)(40^4+324)(52^4+324)}.$

Solution

The Sophie Germain Identity states that $a^4 + 4b^4$ can be factorized as $(a^2 + 2b^2 - 2ab)(a^2 + 2b^2 + 2ab)$. Each of the terms is in the form of $x^4 + 324$. Using Sophie-Germain, we get that $x^4 + 4\cdot 3^4 = (x^2 + 2 \cdot 3^2 - 2\cdot 3\cdot x)(x^2 + 2 \cdot 3^2 + 2\cdot 3\cdot x) = (x(x-6) + 18)(x(x+6)+18)$.

$\frac{[(10(10-6)+18)(10(10+6)+18)][(22(22-6)+18)(22(22+6)+18)]\cdots[(58(58-6)+18)(58(58+6)+18)]}{[(4(4-6)+18)(4(4+6)+18)][(16(16-6)+18)(16(16+6)+18)]\cdots[(52(52-6)+18)(52(52+6)+18)]}$

$= \frac{(10(4)+18)(10(16)+18)(22(16)+18)(22(28)+18)\cdots(58(52)+18)(58(64)+18)}{(4(-2)+18)(4(10)+18)(16(10)+18)(16(22)+18)\cdots(52(46)+18)(52(58)+18)}$

Almost all of the terms cancel out! We are left with $\frac{58(64)+18}{4(-2)+18} = \frac{3730}{10} = \boxed{373}$.

See also

1987 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 13
Followed by
Problem 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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