1988 AJHSME Problems/Problem 5

Problem

If $\angle \text{CBD}$ is a right angle, then this protractor indicates that the measure of $\angle \text{ABC}$ is approximately

[asy] unitsize(36); pair A,B,C,D; A=3*dir(160); B=origin; C=3*dir(110); D=3*dir(20); draw((1.5,0)..(0,1.5)..(-1.5,0)); draw((2.5,0)..(0,2.5)..(-2.5,0)--cycle); draw(A--B); draw(C--B); draw(D--B); label("O",(-2.5,0),W); label("A",A,W); label("B",B,S); label("C",C,W); label("D",D,E); label("0",(-1.8,0),W); label("20",(-1.7,.5),NW); label("160",(1.6,.5),NE); label("180",(1.7,0),E); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 20^\circ \qquad \text{(B)}\ 40^\circ \qquad \text{(C)}\ 50^\circ \qquad \text{(D)}\ 70^\circ \qquad \text{(E)}\ 120^\circ$

Solution

We have that $20^{\circ}+\angle ABD +\angle CBD=160^{\circ}$, or $\angle ABD +\angle CBD=140^{\circ}$. Since $\angle CBD$ is a right angle, we have $\angle ABD=140^{\circ}-90^{\circ}=50^{\circ}\Rightarrow \mathrm{(C)}$.

See Also

1988 AJHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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