1991 AHSME Problems/Problem 9

Problem

From time $t=0$ to time $t=1$ a population increased by $i\%$, and from time $t=1$ to time $t=2$ the population increased by $j\%$. Therefore, from time $t=0$ to time $t=2$ the population increased by

$\text{(A) (i+j)\%} \quad \text{(B) } ij\%\quad \text{(C) } (i+ij)\%\quad \text{(D) } \left(i+j+\frac{ij}{100}\right)\%\quad \text{(E) } \left(i+j+\frac{i+j}{100}\right)\%$

Solution

$\fbox{D}$ The scale factors for the increases are $1+\frac{i}{100}$ and $1+\frac{j}{100}$, so the overall scale factor is $(1+\frac{i}{100})(1+\frac{j}{100}) = 1 + \frac{i}{100} + \frac{j}{100} + \frac{ij}{100^2}$. To convert this to a percentage, we subtract 1 and then multiply by 100, giving $i + j + \frac{ij}{100}.$

See also

1991 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS