1991 AJHSME Problems/Problem 15


All six sides of a rectangular solid were rectangles. A one-foot cube was cut out of the rectangular solid as shown. The total number of square feet in the surface of the new solid is how many more or less than that of the original solid?

[asy] unitsize(24); draw((0,0)--(1,0)--(1,3)--(0,3)--cycle);  draw((1,0)--(1+9*sqrt(3)/2,9/2)--(1+9*sqrt(3)/2,15/2)--(1+5*sqrt(3)/2,11/2)--(1+5*sqrt(3)/2,9/2)--(1+2*sqrt(3),4)--(1+2*sqrt(3),5)--(1,3)); draw((0,3)--(2*sqrt(3),5)--(1+2*sqrt(3),5)); draw((1+9*sqrt(3)/2,15/2)--(9*sqrt(3)/2,15/2)--(5*sqrt(3)/2,11/2)--(5*sqrt(3)/2,5)); draw((1+5*sqrt(3)/2,9/2)--(1+2*sqrt(3),9/2)); draw((1+5*sqrt(3)/2,11/2)--(5*sqrt(3)/2,11/2)); label("$1'$",(.5,0),S); label("$3'$",(1,1.5),E); label("$9'$",(1+9*sqrt(3)/4,9/4),S); label("$1'$",(1+9*sqrt(3)/4,17/4),S); label("$1'$",(1+5*sqrt(3)/2,5),E);label("$1'$",(1/2+5*sqrt(3)/2,11/2),S); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 2\text{ less} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 1\text{ less} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{the same} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 1\text{ more} \qquad \text{(E)}\ 2\text{ more}$


Initially, that one-foot cube contributed 3 faces to the surface area of the whole solid. When it was removed, these 3 faces are removed, but there are 3 new faces where the cube was carved out, so the net change is $0 \rightarrow \boxed{\text{C}}$.

See Also

1991 AJHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 14
Followed by
Problem 16
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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