1994 AJHSME Problems/Problem 25

Problem

Find the sum of the digits in the answer to

$\underbrace{9999\cdots 99}_{94\text{ nines}} \times \underbrace{4444\cdots 44}_{94\text{ fours}}$

where a string of $94$ nines is multiplied by a string of $94$ fours.

$\text{(A)}\ 846 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 855 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 945 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 954 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 1072$

Solution

Notice that:

$9 \cdot 4 = 36$ and $3+6 = 9 = 9 \cdot 1$

$99 \cdot 44 = 4356$ and $4+5+3+6 = 18 = 9 \cdot 2$

So the sum of the digits of $x$ 9s times $x$ 4s is simply $x \cdot 9$.

Therefore the answer is $94 \cdot 9 = \boxed{\text{(A)}\ 846.}$

See Also

1994 AJHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 24
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