# 2003 AIME I Problems/Problem 9

## Problem

An integer between $1000$ and $9999$, inclusive, is called balanced if the sum of its two leftmost digits equals the sum of its two rightmost digits. How many balanced integers are there?

## Solution

If the common sum of the first two and last two digits is $n$, such that $1 \leq n \leq 9$, there are $n$ choices for the first two digits and $n + 1$ choices for the second two digits (since zero may not be the first digit). This gives $\sum_{n = 1}^9 n(n + 1) = 330$ balanced numbers. If the common sum of the first two and last two digits is $n$, such that $10 \leq n \leq 18$, there are $19 - n$ choices for both pairs. This gives $\sum_{n = 10}^{18} (19 - n)^2 = \sum_{n = 1}^9 n^2 = 285$ balanced numbers. Thus, there are in total $330 + 285 = \boxed{615}$ balanced numbers.

Both summations may be calculated using the formula for the sum of consecutive squares, namely $\sum_{k=1}^n k^2 = \frac{n(n+1)(2n+1)}{6}$.

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 