2003 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 12


Al, Betty, and Clare split $\textdollar 1000$ among them to be invested in different ways. Each begins with a different amount. At the end of one year, they have a total of $\textdollar 1500$ dollars. Betty and Clare have both doubled their money, whereas Al has managed to lose $\textdollar100$ dollars. What was Al's original portion?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \textdollar 250 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \textdollar 350 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \textdollar 400 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \textdollar 450 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \textdollar 500$

Solution 1

For this problem, we will have to write a three-variable equation, but not necessarily solve it. Let $a, b,$ and $c$ represent the original portions of Al, Betty, and Clare, respectively. At the end of one year, they each have $a-100, 2b,$ and $2c$. From this, we can write two equations, marked by (1) and (2).

\[a+b+c=1000\] \[(1). \text{ }2a+2b+2c=2000\] \[a-100+2b+2c=1500\] \[(2). \text{ }a+2b+2c=1600\]

(Equations (1) and (2) are derived from each equation above them.)

Since all we need to find is $a,$ subtract the second equation from the first equation to get $a=400.$

Al's original portion was $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ \textdollar 400}$.

Solution 2

Suppose the total amount of money Betty and Clare has is $1000-x$ and Al has $x$ dollars. Then, $(x-100)+2(1000-x)=1500$, so Al has $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ \textdollar 400}$ dollars.


Solution 3

Suppose if Al had not lost $\textdollar 100$. The total amount would be $\textdollar 1600$. As he has not gained any amount. So, Betty and Clare have collectively gained $\textdollar 600$ and as they have doubled their collective fortune, they must have $\textdollar 600$ with them at the beginning. This leaves $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ \textdollar 400}$ for Al. ~Anshulb

See Also

2003 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png