# 2003 JBMO Problems

## Problem 1

Let $n$ be a positive integer. A number $A$ consists of $2n$ digits, each of which is 4; and a number $B$ consists of $n$ digits, each of which is 8. Prove that $A+2B+4$ is a perfect square.

## Problem 2

Suppose there are $n$ points in a plane no three of which are collinear with the property that if we label these points as $A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_n$ in any way whatsoever, the broken line $A_1A_2\ldots A_n$ does not intersect itself. Find the maximum value of $n$.

## Problem 3

Let $D$, $E$, $F$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ on the circumcircle of a triangle $ABC$ not containing the points $A$, $B$, $C$, respectively. Let the line $DE$ meets $BC$ and $CA$ at $G$ and $H$, and let $M$ be the midpoint of the segment $GH$. Let the line $FD$ meet $BC$ and $AB$ at $K$ and $J$, and let $N$ be the midpoint of the segment $KJ$.

a) Find the angles of triangle $DMN$;

b) Prove that if $P$ is the point of intersection of the lines $AD$ and $EF$, then the circumcenter of triangle $DMN$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $PMN$.

## Problem 4

Let $x, y, z > -1$. Prove that $$\frac{1+x^2}{1+y+z^2} + \frac{1+y^2}{1+z+x^2} + \frac{1+z^2}{1+x+y^2} \geq 2.$$