2005 IMO Problems

Problems of the 46th IMO 2005 Mérida, Mexico.

Day 1

Problem 1

Six points are chosen on the sides of an equilateral triangle $ABC$: $A_1, A_2$ on $BC$, $B_1$, $B_2$ on $CA$ and $C_1$, $C_2$ on $AB$, such that they are the vertices of a convex hexagon $A_1A_2B_1B_2C_1C_2$ with equal side lengths. Prove that the lines $A_1B_2, B_1C_2$ and $C_1A_2$ are concurrent.


Problem 2

Let $a_1, a_2, \dots$ be a sequence of integers with infinitely many positive and negative terms. Suppose that for every positive integer $n$ the numbers $a_1, a_2, \dots, a_n$ leave $n$ different remainders upon division by $n$. Prove that every integer occurs exactly once in the sequence.


Problem 3

Let $x, y, z > 0$ satisfy $xyz\ge 1$. Prove that\[\frac{x^5-x^2}{x^5+y^2+z^2} + \frac{y^5-y^2}{x^2+y^5+z^2} + \frac{z^5-z^2}{x^2+y^2+z^5} \ge 0.\]


Day 2

Problem 4

Determine all positive integers relatively prime to all the terms of the infinite sequence\[a_n=2^n+3^n+6^n -1,\ n\geq 1.\]


Problem 5

Let $ABCD$ be a fixed convex quadrilateral with $BC = DA$ and $BC \nparallel DA$. Let two variable points $E$ and $F$ lie of the sides $BC$ and $DA$, respectively, and satisfy $BE = DF$. The lines $AC$ and $BD$ meet at $P$, the lines $BD$ and $EF$ meet at $Q$, the lines $EF$ and $AC$ meet at $R$. Prove that the circumcircles of the triangles $PQR$, as $E$ and $F$ vary, have a common point other than $P$.


Problem 6

In a mathematical competition, in which 6 problems were posed to the participants, every two of these problems were solved by more than 2/5 of the contestants. Moreover, no contestant solved all the 6 problems. Show that there are at least 2 contestants who solved exactly 5 problems each.



2005 IMO (Problems) • Resources
Preceded by
2004 IMO Problems
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2006 IMO Problems
All IMO Problems and Solutions