2006 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 22


Elmo makes $N$ sandwiches for a fundraiser. For each sandwich he uses $B$ globs of peanut butter at $4\cent$ per glob and $J$ blobs of jam at $5\cent$ per blob. The cost of the peanut butter and jam to make all the sandwiches is $$ 2.53$. Assume that $B$, $J$, and $N$ are positive integers with $N>1$. What is the cost of the jam Elmo uses to make the sandwiches?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } $ 1.05\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } $ 1.25\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } $ 1.45\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } $ 1.65\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } $ 1.85$

Solution 1

The peanut butter and jam for each sandwich costs $4B\cent+5J\cent$, so the peanut butter and jam for $N$ sandwiches costs $N(4B+5J)\cent$.

Setting this equal to $253\cent$:


The only possible positive integer pairs $(N , 4B+5J)$ whose product is $253$ are: $(1,253) ; (11,23) ; (23,11) ; (253,1)$

The first pair violates $N>1$ and the third and fourth pairs have no positive integer solutions for $B$ and $J$.

So, $N=11$ and $4B+5J=23$.

The only integer solutions for $B$ and $J$ are $B=2$ and $J=3$.

Therefore, the cost of the jam Elmo uses to make the sandwiches is $3\cdot5\cdot11=165\cent$ $=  $1.65 \Rightarrow \boxed{\mathrm{D}}$

Solution 2

Note as above, you get the equation $N(0.04B+0.05J=2.53)$

Notice that we can multiply by $100$ on both sides to get whole numbers. Hence $\implies N(4B+5J)=253$

Note that the prime factorization of $253=11\cdot23$.

Hence, we want $4B+5J=23$ or $11$

Now, we have two cases to test.

Case 1: $4B+5J=23$

Notice that we want $B\le5$ or $J\le4$

Taking $\pmod{5}\implies 4B\equiv3\pmod{5}\implies B=2$

Hence, $B=2,J=3$.

Hence, the price of the jam is $3\cdot11\cdot{0.05}\implies 1.65 \implies\boxed{D}$.

Video Solutions

Video solution: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7248rEcCSfM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dIaBGFwwZEc ~David

See Also

2006 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
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