2012 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 18
Contents
Problem
Suppose that one of every 500 people in a certain population has a particular disease, which displays no symptoms. A blood test is available for screening for this disease. For a person who has this disease, the test always turns out positive. For a person who does not have the disease, however, there is a false positive rate--in other words, for such people, of the time the test will turn out negative, but of the time the test will turn out positive and will incorrectly indicate that the person has the disease. Let be the probability that a person who is chosen at random from this population and gets a positive test result actually has the disease. Which of the following is closest to ?
Solution
This question can be solved by considering all the possibilities:
out of people will have the disease and will be tested positive for the disease.
Out of the remaining people, , or people, will be tested positive for the disease incorrectly.
Therefore, can be found by taking , which is closest to or ,or
Video Solution
~savannahsolver
See Also
2012 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 17 |
Followed by Problem 19 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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