2015 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23
Tom has twelve slips of paper which he wants to put into five cups labeled , , , , . He wants the sum of the numbers on the slips in each cup to be an integer. Furthermore, he wants the five integers to be consecutive and increasing from to . The numbers on the papers are and . If a slip with goes into cup and a slip with goes into cup , then the slip with must go into what cup?
The numbers have a sum of , which averages to , which means will have the values and , respectively. Now it's the process of elimination: Cup will have a sum of , so putting a slip in the cup will leave ; However, all of our slips are bigger than , so this is impossible. Cup has a sum of , but we are told that it already has a slip, leaving , which is too small for the slip. Cup is a little bit trickier but still manageable. It must have a value of , so adding the slip leaves room for . This looks good at first, as we have slips smaller than that, but upon closer inspection, we see that no slip fits exactly, and the smallest sum of two slips is , which is too big, so this case is also impossible. Cup has a sum of , but we are told it already has a slip, so we are left with , which is identical to Cup C and thus also impossible. With all other choices removed, we are left with the answer: Cup
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