# 2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 13

## Problem

Two different numbers are randomly selected from the set $\{ - 2, -1, 0, 3, 4, 5\}$ and multiplied together. What is the probability that the product is $0$? $\textbf{(A) }\dfrac{1}{6}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\dfrac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\dfrac{1}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\dfrac{1}{3}\qquad \textbf{(E) }\dfrac{1}{2}$

## Solutions

### Solution 1

The product can only be $0$ if one of the numbers is $0$. Once we chose $0$, there are $5$ ways we can chose the second number, or $6-1$. There are $\dbinom{6}{2}$ ways we can chose $2$ numbers randomly, and that is $15$. So, $\frac{5}{15}=\frac{1}{3}$ so the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(D)} \, \frac{1}{3}}$.

### Solution 2

There are a total of $30$ possibilities, because the two numbers that being multiplied are being picked at the same time, so there are $5$ possibilities that zero is being chosen because another number is already being chosen. We want $0$ to be the product so one of the numbers is $0$. There are $5$ possibilities where $0$ is chosen for the first number and there are $5$ ways for $0$ to be chosen as the second number. We seek $\boxed{\textbf{(D)} \, \frac{1}{3}}$.

### Solution 3 (Complementary Counting)

Because the only way the product of the two numbers is $0$ is if one of the numbers we choose is $0,$ we calculate the probability of NOT choosing a $0.$ We get $\frac{5}{6} \cdot \frac{4}{5} = \frac{2}{3}.$ Therefore our answer is $1 - \frac{2}{3} = \boxed{\textbf{(D)} \ \frac{1}{3}}.$

## Video Solution (CREATIVE THINKING!!!)

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## Video Solution

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The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 