2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 20
Problem
Let be a right rectangular prism (box) with edges lengths and , together with its interior. For real , let be the set of points in -dimensional space that lie within a distance of some point in . The volume of can be expressed as , where and are positive real numbers. What is
Solution
Split into 4 regions:
1. The rectangular prism itself
2. The extensions of the faces of
3. The quarter cylinders at each edge of
4. The one-eighth spheres at each corner of
Region 1: The volume of is 12, so
Region 2: The volume is equal to the surface area of times . The surface area can be computed to be , so .
Region 3: The volume of each quarter cylinder is equal to . The sum of all such cylinders must equal times the sum of the edge lengths. This can be computed as , so the sum of the volumes of the quarter cylinders is , so
Region 4: There is an eighth of a sphere of radius at each corner. Since there are 8 corners, these add up to one full sphere of radius . The volume of this sphere is , so .
Using these values,
~DrJoyo
Video Solution
~IceMatrix
Video Solution
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NAZTdSecBvs ~ MathEx
See Also
2020 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 19 |
Followed by Problem 21 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.