# 2022 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 7

The following problem is from both the 2022 AMC 10A #7 and 2022 AMC 12A #4, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

The least common multiple of a positive integer $n$ and $18$ is $180$, and the greatest common divisor of $n$ and $45$ is $15$. What is the sum of the digits of $n$? $\textbf{(A) } 3 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 6 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 8 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 9 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 12$

## Solution

Note that \begin{align*} 18 &= 2\cdot3^2, \\ 180 &= 2^2\cdot3^2\cdot5, \\ 45 &= 3^2\cdot5 \\ 15 &= 3\cdot5. \end{align*} Let $n = 2^a\cdot3^b\cdot5^c.$ It follows that:

1. From the least common multiple condition, we have $$\operatorname{lcm}(n,18) = \operatorname{lcm}(2^a\cdot3^b\cdot5^c,2\cdot3^2) = 2^{\max(a,1)}\cdot3^{\max(b,2)}\cdot5^{\max(c,0)} = 2^2\cdot3^2\cdot5,$$ from which $a=2, b\in\{0,1,2\},$ and $c=1.$
2. From the greatest common divisor condition, we have $$\gcd(n,45) = \gcd(2^2\cdot3^b\cdot5,3^2\cdot5) = 2^{\min(2,0)}\cdot3^{\min(b,2)}\cdot5^{\min(1,1)} = 3\cdot5,$$ from which $b=1.$

Together, we conclude that $n=2^2\cdot3\cdot5=60.$ The sum of its digits is $6+0=\boxed{\textbf{(B) } 6}.$

~MRENTHUSIASM ~USAMO333

## Video Solution 1 (Quick and Easy)

~Education, the Study of Everything

## Video Solution 2

~savannahsolver

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