2022 USAJMO Problems
For any geometry problem whose statement begins with an asterisk , the first page of the solution must be a large, in-scale, clearly labeled diagram. Failure to meet this requirement will result in an automatic 1-point deduction.
For which positive integers does there exist an infinite arithmetic sequence of integers and an infinite geometric sequence of integers satisfying the following properties?
is divisible by for all integers ;
is not divisible by .
Let and be positive integers. The cells of an grid are colored amber and bronze such that there are at least amber cells and at least bronze cells. Prove that it is possible to choose amber cells and bronze cells such that no two of the chosen cells lie in the same row or column.
Let and be fixed integers, and . Given are identical black rods and identical white rods, each of side length .
We assemble a regular -gon using these rods so that parallel sides are the same color. Then, a convex -gon is formed by translating the black rods, and a convex -gon is formed by translating the white rods. An example of one way of doing the assembly when and is shown below, as well as the resulting polygons and .
Prove that the difference of the areas of and depends only on the numbers and , and not on how the -gon was assembled.
Let be a rhombus, and let and be points such that lies inside the rhombus, lies outside the rhombus, and . Prove that there exist points and on lines and such that is also a rhombus.
Find all pairs of primes for which and are both perfect squares.
Let be complex numbers, and define
for all nonnegative integers .
Suppose that for all . Prove that Solution
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