Apothem

The apothem of a regular polygon is the line segment drawn from the center of the polygon perpendicular to one of its edges. It is also the radius of the inscribed circle of the polygon.

Formulas

• Given the number of sides, $n$, and side length, $s$, the length of the apothem is $\frac{s}{2\tan\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right)}$.
• Given the number of sides, $n$, and radius of the circumscribed circle, $R$, the length of the apothem is $R\cos\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right)$.
• Given the length of the apothem, $a$, and the perimeter, $p$, of a regular polygon, the area of the polygon is $\frac{ap}{2}$, or $as$, where $s$ is the semiperimeter.

$[asy] draw((0,sqrt(3))--(1,0)--(3,0)--(4,sqrt(3))--(3,2sqrt(3))--(1,2sqrt(3))--cycle); draw((1,0)--(2,sqrt(3))--(3,0),gray+linetype("1 2")); draw((2,0)--(2,sqrt(3)),gray); [/asy]$ This article is a stub. Help us out by expanding it.