De Moivre's Theorem
This is one proof of De Moivre's theorem by induction.
- If , for , the case is obviously true.
- Assume true for the case . Now, the case of :
- Therefore, the result is true for all positive integers .
- If , the formula holds true because . Since , the equation holds true.
- If , one must consider when is a positive integer.
And thus, the formula proves true for all integral values of .
Note that from the functional equation where , we see that behaves like an exponential function. Indeed, Euler's identity states that . This extends De Moivre's theorem to all .