Graph of a function
A single point is the simplest thing to graph. The graph of would be a dot 2 units to the right of -axis and 5 units above the -axis.
Given two distinct points on a line, one can construct the whole line. So one way to graph a line given its equation is to just find two points on it and to draw a straight line through them.
Graph the line .
To graph a line, it is necesasry to find two points that satisfy . Letting gives . So is one point on the graph.
Find another point by letting . Plugging this in and solving gives . So is our other point.
Now plot these in the coordinate plane and draw a line through them:
The arrowheads on the ends of the line segment indicate that the line goes on infinitely in both directions.
The first step in graphing a polynomial, , is to find the zeros of . Then a smooth curve should be drawn through the zeros accounting for multiple roots and making sure the signs match up (i.e. the graph is above the -axis when the polynomial is positive and below it when the polynomial is negative). This process is best understood through examples.
Graph the parabola .
The quadratic equation can be written as making the roots and . Since the coefficient of the term with the highest power (in this case ) is , the graph is above the -axis for and and below the -axis for . This allows the graph to be drawn as a smooth curve curve through the zeros using this information as a guideline:
First, we need to find the zeros of the function. Notice that if or , . Hence, the polynomial reduces to . Factoring the quadratic gives . So the roots are and and a double root at . The final graph looks like: