Greek alphabet

Because European mathematics is very heavily rooted in the mathematics of ancient Greece, and due to the need for many symbols to represent constants, variables, functions and other mathematical objects, mathematicians frequently use letters from the Greek alphabet in their work.

Greek Letters

Upper Case Lower Case Name
A $\alpha$ Alpha
B $\beta$ Beta
$\Gamma$ $\gamma$ Gamma
$\Delta$ $\delta$ Delta
E $\varepsilon$ Epsilon
Z $\zeta$ Zeta
H $\eta$ Eta
$\Theta$ $\theta$ Theta
I $\iota$ Iota
K $\kappa$ Kappa
$\Lambda$ $\lambda$ Lambda
M $\mu$ Mu
N $\nu$ Nu
$\Xi$ $\xi$ Xi
O o Omicron
$\Pi$ $\pi$ Pi
P $\rho$ Rho
$\Sigma$ $\sigma$ Sigma
T $\tau$ Tau
Y $\upsilon$ Upsilon
$\Phi$ $\phi$ Phi
X $\chi$ Chi
$\Psi$ $\psi$ Psi
$\Omega$ $\omega$ Omega