L'Hôpital's Rule

L'Hopital's Rule is a theorem dealing with limits that is very important to calculus.

Theorem

The theorem states that for real functions $f(x),g(x)$, if $\lim f(x),g(x)\in \{0,\pm \infty\}$ \[\lim\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}=\lim\frac{f'(x)}{g'(x)}\] Note that this implies that \[\lim\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}=\lim\frac{f^{(n)}(x)}{g^{(n)}(x)}=\lim\frac{f^{(-n)}(x)}{g^{(-n)}(x)}\]

Proof

No proof of this theorem is available at this time. You can help AoPSWiki by adding it.

Problems

Introductory

  • Evaluate the limit $\lim_{x\rightarrow3}\frac{x^{2}-4x+3}{x^{2}-9}$ (<url>weblog_entry.php?t=168186 Source</url>)

Intermediate

Olympiad

See Also

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