Mock AIME 1 2007-2008 Problems

Problem 1

What is the coefficient of $x^3y^{13}$ in $\left(\frac 12x + y\right)^{17}$?

Solution

Problem 2

The expansion of $(x+1)^n$ has 3 consecutive terms with coefficients in the ratio $1:2:3$ that can be written in the form \[{n\choose k} : {n\choose k+1} : {n \choose k+2}\] Find the sum of all possible values of $n+k$.

Solution

Problem 3

A mother purchases 5 blue plates, 2 red plates, 2 green plates, and 1 orange plate. How many ways are there for her to arrange these plates for dinner around her circular table if she doesn't want the 2 green plates to be adjacent?

Solution

Problem 4

If $x$ is an odd number, then find the largest integer that always divides the expression \[(10x+2)(10x+6)(5x+5)\]

Solution

Problem 5

Let $S = (1+i)^{17} - (1-i)^{17}$, where $i=\sqrt{-1}$. Find $|S|$.

Solution

Problem 6

A $\frac 1p$ -array is a structured, infinite, collection of numbers. For example, a $\frac 13$ -array is constructed as follows:

\begin{align*} 1 \qquad \frac 13\,\ \qquad \frac 19\,\ \qquad \frac 1{27} \qquad &\cdots\\ \frac 16 \qquad \frac 1{18}\,\ \qquad \frac{1}{54} \qquad &\cdots\\ \frac 1{36} \qquad \frac 1{108} \qquad &\cdots\\ \frac 1{216} \qquad &\cdots\\ &\ddots \end{align*}

In general, the first entry of each row is $\frac{1}{2p}$ times the first entry of the previous row. Then, each succeeding term in a row is $\frac 1p$ times the previous term in the same row. If the sum of all the terms in a $\frac{1}{2008}$ -array can be written in the form $\frac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find the remainder when $m+n$ is divided by $2008$.

Solution

Problem 7

Consider the following function $g(x)$ defined as \[(x^{2^{2008}-1}-1)g(x) = (x+1)(x^2+1)(x^4+1)\cdots (x^{2^{2007}}+1) - 1\] Find $g(2)$.

Solution

Problem 8

A sequence of ten $0$s and/or $1$s is randomly generated. If the probability that the sequence does not contain two consecutive $1$s can be written in the form $\dfrac{m}{n}$, where $m,n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find $m+n$.

Solution

Problem 9

Let $n$ represent the smallest integer that satisfies the following conditions:

$\frac n2$ is a perfect square.
$\frac n3$ is a perfect cube.
$\frac n5$ is a perfect fifth.

How many divisors does $n$ have that are not multiples of 10?

Solution

Problem 10

An oreo shop sells $5$ different flavors of oreos and $3$ different flavors of milk. Alpha and Beta decide to purchase some oreos. Since Alpha is picky, he will not order more than 1 of the same flavor. To be just as weird, Beta will only order oreos, but she will be willing to have repeats of flavors. How many ways could they have left the store with 3 products collectively? (A possible purchase is Alpha purchases 1 box of uh-oh oreos and 1 gallon of whole milk while Beta purchases 1 bag of strawberry milkshake oreos).

Solution

Problem 11

$\triangle DEF$ is inscribed inside $\triangle ABC$ such that $D,E,F$ lie on $BC, AC, AB$, respectively. The circumcircles of $\triangle DEC, \triangle BFD, \triangle AFE$ have centers $O_1,O_2,O_3$, respectively. Also, $AB = 23, BC = 25, AC=24$, and $\stackrel{\frown}{BF} = \stackrel{\frown}{EC},\ \stackrel{\frown}{AF} = \stackrel{\frown}{CD},\ \stackrel{\frown}{AE} = \stackrel{\frown}{BD}$. The length of $BD$ can be written in the form $\frac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime integers. Find $m+n$.

Solution

Problem 12

Let $d_1 = a^2 + 2^a + a \cdot 2^{(a+1)/2}$ and $d_2 = a^2 + 2^a - a \cdot 2^{(a+1)/2}$. If $1 \le a \le 251$, how many integral values of $a$ are there such that $d_1 \cdot d_2$ is a multiple of $5$?

Solution

Problem 13

Let $F(x)$ be a polynomial such that $F(6) = 15$ and \[\frac{F(3x)}{F(x+3)} = 9-\frac{48x+54}{x^2+5x+6}\] for $x \in \mathbb{R}$ such that both sides are defined. Find $F(12)$.

Solution

Problem 14

Points $A$ and $B$ lie on $\odot O$, with radius $r$, so that $\angle OAB$ is acute. Extend $AB$ to point $C$ so that $AB = BC$. Let $D$ be the intersection of $\odot O$ and $OC$ such that $CD = \frac {1}{18}$ and $\cos(2\angle OAC) = \frac 38$. If $r$ can be written as $\frac{a+b\sqrt{c}}{d}$, where $a,b,$ and $d$ are relatively prime and $c$ is not divisible by the square of any prime, find $a+b+c+d$.

Solution

Problem 15

The sum \[\sum_{x=2}^{44} 2\sin{x}\sin{1}[1 + \sec (x-1) \sec (x+1)]\] can be written in the form $\sum_{n=1}^{4} (-1)^n \frac{\Phi(\theta_n)}{\Psi(\theta_n)}$, where $\Phi,\, \Psi$ are trigonometric functions and $\theta_1,\, \theta_2, \, \theta_3, \, \theta_4$ are degrees $\in [0,45]$. Find $\theta_1 + \theta_2 + \theta_3 + \theta_4$.

Solution

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