Talk:2007 AIME II Problems/Problem 14

Here is a completed solution to 2007AIMEII-14. Let $f\left( x \right) = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^n {a_i x^i }$.$\[f\left( 0 \right) = 1 \Rightarrow a_0 = 1 \]$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! LaTeX Error: Bad math environment delimiter.).$f\left( x \right)f\left( {2x^2 } \right) = f\left( {2x^3  + x} \right) \Rightarrow  \ldots  \Rightarrow a_n  = 1$.$f\left( { \pm i} \right)f\left( 2 \right) = f\left( { \mp i} \right) \Rightarrow f\left( { \pm i} \right) = 0 \Rightarrow \left. {\left( {x^2  + 1} \right)} \right|f\left( x \right)$ or $f\left( x \right) \equiv 1$(impossible). Let $f_1 \left( x \right) = \frac{{f\left( x \right)}}{{x^2  + 1}}$. Then $f_1 \left( x \right)f_1 \left( {2x^2 } \right) = f_1 \left( {2x^3  + x} \right)$ and the same thing got:$\[f_1 \left( x \right) \equiv 1 \]$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! LaTeX Error: Bad math environment delimiter.) or $\left. {\left( {x^2  + 1} \right)} \right|f_1 \left( x \right)$. Let $n$ be an integer and $\[f_n \left( x \right) = \frac{{f\left( x \right)}}{{\left( {x^2 + 1} \right)^n }}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! LaTeX Error: Bad math environment delimiter.) such that $\[deg f_n \left( x \right) = 0{\text{ or }}1$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! LaTeX Error: Bad math environment delimiter.).Then $\[f_n \left( x \right) = 1{\rm{ or }}x + 1]$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! LaTeX Error: Bad math environment delimiter.).Check if $f\left( 2 \right) + f\left( 3 \right) = 125$ and we can easily get $n = 2$ and $f_n \left( x \right) = 1$ and $f\left( 5 \right) = \boxed{625}$.

Invalid username
Login to AoPS