Difference between revisions of "1971 Canadian MO Problems/Problem 6"
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=== Solution=== | === Solution=== | ||
− | Notice <math>n^{2} + 2n + 12 = (n+1)^{2} + 11</math>. For this expression to be equal to a multiple of 121, <math>(n+1)^{2} + 11</math> would have to equal a number in the form <math>121x</math>. Now we have the equation <math>(n+1)^{2} + 11 = 121x</math>. Subtracting <math>11</math> from both sides and then factoring out <math>11</math> on the right hand side results in <math>(n+1)^{2} = 11(11x - | + | Notice <math>n^{2} + 2n + 12 = (n+1)^{2} + 11</math>. For this expression to be equal to a multiple of 121, <math>(n+1)^{2} + 11</math> would have to equal a number in the form <math>121x</math>. Now we have the equation <math>(n+1)^{2} + 11 = 121x</math>. Subtracting <math>11</math> from both sides and then factoring out <math>11</math> on the right hand side results in <math>(n+1)^{2} = 11(11x - 1)</math>. Now we can say <math>(n+1) = 11</math> and <math>(n+1) = 11x - 1</math>. Solving the first equation results in <math>n=10</math>. Plugging in <math>n=10</math> in the second equation and solving for <math>x</math>, <math>x = 12/11</math>. Since <math>12/11</math> *<math>121</math> is clearly not a multiple of 121, <math>n^{2} + 2n + 12</math> can never be a multiple of 121. |
== See Also == | == See Also == | ||
{{Old CanadaMO box|num-b=5|num-a=7|year=1971}} | {{Old CanadaMO box|num-b=5|num-a=7|year=1971}} | ||
[[Category:Intermediate Algebra Problems]] | [[Category:Intermediate Algebra Problems]] |
Revision as of 09:26, 9 August 2016
Contents
Problem
Show that, for all integers , is not a multiple of .
Solutions
Solution
Notice . For this expression to be equal to a multiple of 121, would have to equal a number in the form . Now we have the equation . Subtracting from both sides and then factoring out on the right hand side results in . Now we can say and . Solving the first equation results in . Plugging in in the second equation and solving for , . Since * is clearly not a multiple of 121, can never be a multiple of 121.
See Also
1971 Canadian MO (Problems) | ||
Preceded by Problem 5 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • | Followed by Problem 7 |