# 1990 AJHSME Problems

## Problem 1

What is the smallest sum of two $3$-digit numbers that can be obtained by placing each of the six digits $4,5,6,7,8,9$ in one of the six boxes in this addition problem?

$[asy] unitsize(12); draw((0,0)--(10,0)); draw((-1.5,1.5)--(-1.5,2.5)); draw((-1,2)--(-2,2)); draw((1,1)--(3,1)--(3,3)--(1,3)--cycle); draw((1,4)--(3,4)--(3,6)--(1,6)--cycle); draw((4,1)--(6,1)--(6,3)--(4,3)--cycle); draw((4,4)--(6,4)--(6,6)--(4,6)--cycle); draw((7,1)--(9,1)--(9,3)--(7,3)--cycle); draw((7,4)--(9,4)--(9,6)--(7,6)--cycle); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ 947 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 1037 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 1047 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 1056 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 1245$

## Problem 2

Which digit of $.12345$, when changed to $9$, gives the largest number?

$\text{(A)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 5$

## Problem 3

What fraction of the square is shaded?

$[asy] draw((0,0)--(0,3)--(3,3)--(3,0)--cycle); draw((0,2)--(2,2)--(2,0)); draw((0,1)--(1,1)--(1,0)); draw((0,0)--(3,3)); fill((0,0)--(0,1)--(1,1)--cycle,grey); fill((1,0)--(1,1)--(2,2)--(2,0)--cycle,grey); fill((0,2)--(2,2)--(3,3)--(0,3)--cycle,grey); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{2}{5} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{5}{12} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{3}{7} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}$

## Problem 4

Which of the following could not be the unit's digit [one's digit] of the square of a whole number?

$\text{(A)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8$

## Problem 5

Which of the following is closest to the product $(.48017)(.48017)(.48017)$?

$\text{(A)}\ 0.011 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 0.110 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 1.10 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 11.0 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 110$

## Problem 6

Which of these five numbers is the largest?

$\text{(A)}\ 13579+\frac{1}{2468} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 13579-\frac{1}{2468} \qquad \text{(C)}\ 13579\times \frac{1}{2468}$

$\text{(D)}\ 13579\div \frac{1}{2468} \qquad \text{(E)}\ 13579.2468$

## Problem 7

When three different numbers from the set $\{ -3, -2, -1, 4, 5 \}$ are multiplied, the largest possible product is

$\text{(A)}\ 10 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 20 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 30 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 40 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 60$

## Problem 8

A dress originally priced at $80$ dollars was put on sale for $25\%$ off. If $10\%$ tax was added to the sale price, then the total selling price (in dollars) of the dress was

$\text{(A)}\ \text{45 dollars} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{52 dollars} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{54 dollars} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{66 dollars} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{68 dollars}$

## Problem 9

The grading scale shown is used at Jones Junior High. The fifteen scores in Mr. Freeman's class were: $$\begin{tabular}[t]{lllllllll} 89, & 72, & 54, & 97, & 77, & 92, & 85, & 74, & 75, \\ 63, & 84, & 78, & 71, & 80, & 90. & & & \\ \end{tabular}$$

In Mr. Freeman's class, what percent of the students received a grade of C?

$$\boxed{\begin{tabular}[t]{cc} A: & 93 - 100 \\ B: & 85 - 92 \\ C: & 75 - 84 \\ D: & 70 - 74 \\ F: & 0 - 69 \end{tabular}}$$

$\text{(A)}\ 20\% \qquad \text{(B)}\ 25\% \qquad \text{(C)}\ 30\% \qquad \text{(D)}\ 33\frac{1}{3}\% \qquad \text{(E)}\ 40\%$

## Problem 10

On this monthly calendar, the date behind one of the letters is added to the date behind $\text{C}$. If this sum equals the sum of the dates behind $\text{A}$ and $\text{B}$, then the letter is

$[asy] unitsize(12); draw((1,1)--(23,1)); draw((0,5)--(23,5)); draw((0,9)--(23,9)); draw((0,13)--(23,13)); for(int a=0; a<6; ++a) { draw((4a+2,0)--(4a+2,14)); } label("Tues.",(4,14),N); label("Wed.",(8,14),N); label("Thurs.",(12,14),N); label("Fri.",(16,14),N); label("Sat.",(20,14),N); label("C",(12,10.3),N); label("\textbf{A}",(16,10.3),N); label("Q",(12,6.3),N); label("S",(4,2.3),N); label("\textbf{B}",(8,2.3),N); label("P",(12,2.3),N); label("T",(16,2.3),N); label("R",(20,2.3),N); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ \text{P} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{Q} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{R} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{S} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{T}$

## Problem 11

The numbers on the faces of this cube are consecutive whole numbers. The sums of the two numbers on each of the three pairs of opposite faces are equal. The sum of the six numbers on this cube is

$[asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,3)--(0,3)--cycle); draw((3,0)--(5,2)--(5,5)--(2,5)--(0,3)); draw((3,3)--(5,5)); label("15",(1.5,1.2),N); label("11",(4,2.3),N); label("14",(2.5,3.7),N); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ 75 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 76 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 78 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 80 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 81$

## Problem 12

There are twenty-four $4$-digit numbers that use each of the four digits $2$, $4$, $5$, and $7$ exactly once. Listed in numerical order from smallest to largest, the number in the $17\text{th}$ position in the list is

$\text{(A)}\ 4527 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 5724 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 5742 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 7245 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 7524$

## Problem 13

One proposal for new postage rates for a letter was $30$ cents for the first ounce and $22$ cents for each additional ounce (or fraction of an ounce). The postage for a letter weighing $4.5$ ounces was

$\text{(A)}\ \text{96 cents} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{1.07 dollars} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{1.18 dollars} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{1.20 dollars} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{1.40 dollars}$

## Problem 14

A bag contains only blue balls and green balls. There are $6$ blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball at random from this bag is $\frac{1}{4}$, then the number of green balls in the bag is

$\text{(A)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 18 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 24 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 30 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 36$

## Problem 15

The area of this figure is $100\text{ cm}^2$. Its perimeter is

$[asy] draw((0,2)--(2,2)--(2,1)--(3,1)--(3,0)--(1,0)--(1,1)--(0,1)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((1,2)--(1,1)--(2,1)--(2,0),dashed); [/asy]$

[figure consists of four identical squares]

$\text{(A)}\ \text{20 cm} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{25 cm} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{30 cm} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{40 cm} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{50 cm}$

## Problem 16

$1990-1980+1970-1960+\cdots -20+10 =$

$\text{(A)}\ -990 \qquad \text{(B)}\ -10 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 990 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 1000 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 1990$

## Problem 17

A straight concrete sidewalk is to be $3$ feet wide, $60$ feet long, and $3$ inches thick. How many cubic yards of concrete must a contractor order for the sidewalk if concrete must be ordered in a whole number of cubic yards?

$\text{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 20 \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{more than 20}$

## Problem 18

Each corner of a rectangular prism is cut off. Two (of the eight) cuts are shown. How many edges does the new figure have?

$[asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,3)--(0,3)--cycle); draw((3,0)--(5,2)--(5,5)--(2,5)--(0,3)); draw((3,3)--(5,5)); draw((2,0)--(3,1.8)--(4,1)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((2,3)--(4,4)--(3,2)--cycle,linewidth(1)); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ 24 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 30 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 36 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 42 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 48$

Assume that the planes cutting the prism do not intersect anywhere in or on the prism.

## Problem 19

There are $120$ seats in a row. What is the fewest number of seats that must be occupied so the next person to be seated must sit next to someone?

$\text{(A)}\ 30 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 40 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 41 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 60 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 119$

## Problem 20

The annual incomes of $1,000$ families range from $8200$ dollars to $98,000$ dollars. In error, the largest income was entered on the computer as $980,000$ dollars. The difference between the mean of the incorrect data and the mean of the actual data is

$\text{(A)}\ \text{882 dollars} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{980 dollars} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{1078 dollars} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{482,000 dollars} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{882,000 dollars}$

## Problem 21

A list of $8$ numbers is formed by beginning with two given numbers. Each new number in the list is the product of the two previous numbers. Find the first number if the last three are shown: $$\text{\underline{\hspace{3 mm}?\hspace{3 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm} \underline{\hspace{7 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm} \underline{\hspace{7 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm} \underline{\hspace{7 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm} \underline{\hspace{7 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm}\underline{\hspace{2 mm}16\hspace{2 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm}\underline{\hspace{2 mm}64\hspace{2 mm}}\hspace{1 mm},\hspace{1 mm}\underline{\hspace{1 mm}1024\hspace{1 mm}}}$$ $\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{64} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{4} \qquad \text{(C)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 4$

## Problem 22

Several students are seated at a large circular table. They pass around a bag containing $100$ pieces of candy. Each person receives the bag, takes one piece of candy and then passes the bag to the next person. If Chris takes the first and last piece of candy, then the number of students at the table could be

$\text{(A)}\ 10 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 11 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 19 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 20 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 25$

## Problem 23

The graph relates the distance traveled [in miles] to the time elapsed [in hours] on a trip taken by an experimental airplane. During which hour was the average speed of this airplane the largest?

$[asy] unitsize(12); for(int a=1; a<13; ++a) { draw((2a,-1)--(2a,1)); } draw((-1,4)--(1,4)); draw((-1,8)--(1,8)); draw((-1,12)--(1,12)); draw((-1,16)--(1,16)); draw((0,0)--(0,17)); draw((-5,0)--(33,0)); label("0",(0,-1),S); label("1",(2,-1),S); label("2",(4,-1),S); label("3",(6,-1),S); label("4",(8,-1),S); label("5",(10,-1),S); label("6",(12,-1),S); label("7",(14,-1),S); label("8",(16,-1),S); label("9",(18,-1),S); label("10",(20,-1),S); label("11",(22,-1),S); label("12",(24,-1),S); label("Time in hours",(11,-2),S); label("500",(-1,4),W); label("1000",(-1,8),W); label("1500",(-1,12),W); label("2000",(-1,16),W); label(rotate(90)*"Distance traveled in miles",(-4,10),W); draw((0,0)--(2,3)--(4,7.2)--(6,8.5)); draw((6,8.5)--(16,12.5)--(18,14)--(24,15)); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ \text{first (0-1)} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{second (1-2)} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{third (2-3)} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{ninth (8-9)} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{last (11-12)}$

## Problem 24

Three $\Delta$'s and a $\diamondsuit$ will balance nine $\bullet$'s. One $\Delta$ will balance a $\diamondsuit$ and a $\bullet$.

$[asy] unitsize(5.5); fill((0,0)--(-4,-2)--(4,-2)--cycle,black); draw((-12,2)--(-12,0)--(12,0)--(12,2)); draw(ellipse((-12,5),8,3)); draw(ellipse((12,5),8,3)); label("\Delta \hspace{2 mm}\Delta \hspace{2 mm}\Delta \hspace{2 mm}\diamondsuit ",(-12,6.5),S); label("\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet \hspace{2 mm} \bullet ",(12,5.2),N); label("\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\bullet ",(12,5.2),S); fill((44,0)--(40,-2)--(48,-2)--cycle,black); draw((34,2)--(34,0)--(54,0)--(54,2)); draw(ellipse((34,5),6,3)); draw(ellipse((54,5),6,3)); label("\Delta ",(34,6.5),S); label("\bullet \hspace{2 mm}\diamondsuit ",(54,6.5),S); [/asy]$

How many $\bullet$'s will balance the two $\diamondsuit$'s in this balance?

$[asy] unitsize(5.5); fill((0,0)--(-4,-2)--(4,-2)--cycle,black); draw((-12,4)--(-12,2)--(12,-2)--(12,0)); draw(ellipse((-12,7),6.5,3)); draw(ellipse((12,3),6.5,3)); label("?",(-12,8.5),S); label("\diamondsuit \hspace{2 mm}\diamondsuit ",(12,4.5),S); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 5$

## Problem 25

How many different patterns can be made by shading exactly two of the nine squares? Patterns that can be matched by flips and/or turns are not considered different. For example, the patterns shown below are not considered different.

$[asy] fill((0,2)--(1,2)--(1,3)--(0,3)--cycle,gray); fill((1,2)--(2,2)--(2,3)--(1,3)--cycle,gray); draw((0,0)--(3,0)--(3,3)--(0,3)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((2,0)--(2,3),linewidth(1)); draw((0,1)--(3,1),linewidth(1)); draw((1,0)--(1,3),linewidth(1)); draw((0,2)--(3,2),linewidth(1)); fill((6,0)--(8,0)--(8,1)--(6,1)--cycle,gray); draw((6,0)--(9,0)--(9,3)--(6,3)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((8,0)--(8,3),linewidth(1)); draw((6,1)--(9,1),linewidth(1)); draw((7,0)--(7,3),linewidth(1)); draw((6,2)--(9,2),linewidth(1)); fill((14,1)--(15,1)--(15,3)--(14,3)--cycle,gray); draw((12,0)--(15,0)--(15,3)--(12,3)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((14,0)--(14,3),linewidth(1)); draw((12,1)--(15,1),linewidth(1)); draw((13,0)--(13,3),linewidth(1)); draw((12,2)--(15,2),linewidth(1)); fill((18,1)--(19,1)--(19,3)--(18,3)--cycle,gray); draw((18,0)--(21,0)--(21,3)--(18,3)--cycle,linewidth(1)); draw((20,0)--(20,3),linewidth(1)); draw((18,1)--(21,1),linewidth(1)); draw((19,0)--(19,3),linewidth(1)); draw((18,2)--(21,2),linewidth(1)); [/asy]$

$\text{(A)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 8 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 18$