1991 AHSME Problems/Problem 18

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Problem

If $S$ is the set of points $z$ in the complex plane such that $(3+4i)z$ is a real number, then $S$ is a

(A) right triangle (B) circle (C) hyperbola (D) line (E) parabola

Solution

$\fbox{D}$

Solution 1:

We want $(3+4i)z$ a real number, so we want the $4i$ term to be canceled out. Then, we can make $z$ be in the form $(n-\frac{4}{3}ni)$ to make sure the imaginary terms cancel out when it's multiplied together. $(n-\frac{4}{3}ni)$ is a line, so the answer is $\textbf{(D) } line$

See also

1991 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 17
Followed by
Problem 19
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