Difference between revisions of "1991 AHSME Problems/Problem 19"
m (→Solution 2) |
m (→Solution 2) |
||
Line 27: | Line 27: | ||
Solution by Arjun Vikram | Solution by Arjun Vikram | ||
− | Extend lines <math>AD</math> and <math>CE</math> to meet at a new point <math>F</math>. Now, we see that <math>FAC\sim FDE \sim ACB</math>. Using this relationship, we can see that <math>AF=\frac{15}4</math>, (so <math>FD=\frac{63}4</math>), and the ratio of similarity between <math>FDE</math> and <math>FAC</math> is <math>\frac{63}{15}</math>. This ratio gives us that <math>\frac{63}5</math>. By the Pythagorean Theorem, <math>DB=13</math>. Thus, <math>\frac{DE}{DB}=\frac{63}{65}</math>, and the answer is <math>63+65=\boxed{128}</math>. | + | Extend lines <math>AD</math> and <math>CE</math> to meet at a new point <math>F</math>. Now, we see that <math>FAC\sim FDE \sim ACB</math>. Using this relationship, we can see that <math>AF=\frac{15}4</math>, (so <math>FD=\frac{63}4</math>), and the ratio of similarity between <math>FDE</math> and <math>FAC</math> is <math>\frac{63}{15}</math>. This ratio gives us that <math>\frac{63}5</math>. By the Pythagorean Theorem, <math>DB=13</math>. Thus, <math>\frac{DE}{DB}=\frac{63}{65}</math>, and the answer is <math>63+65=\boxed{\textbf{(B) } 128}</math>. |
== See also == | == See also == |
Revision as of 18:03, 23 April 2020
Contents
Problem
Triangle has a right angle at and . Triangle has a right angle at and . Points and are on opposite sides of . The line through parallel to meets extended at . If where and are relatively prime positive integers, then
Solution 1
Solution by e_power_pi_times_i
Let be the point such that and are parallel to and , respectively, and let and . Then, . So, . Simplifying , and . Therefore , and . Checking, is the answer, so . The answer is .
Solution 2
Solution by Arjun Vikram
Extend lines and to meet at a new point . Now, we see that . Using this relationship, we can see that , (so ), and the ratio of similarity between and is . This ratio gives us that . By the Pythagorean Theorem, . Thus, , and the answer is .
See also
1991 AHSME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 18 |
Followed by Problem 20 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30 | ||
All AHSME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.