# 1997 PMWC Problems/Problem I4

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## Problem

Each of the three diagrams in the image show a balance of weights using different objects. How many squares will balance a circle?

$[asy] /* File unicodetex not found. */ /* Geogebra to Asymptote conversion, documentation at artofproblemsolving.com/Wiki, go to User:Azjps/geogebra */ import graph; size(5.12cm); real labelscalefactor = 0.5; /* changes label-to-point distance */ pen dps = linewidth(0.7) + fontsize(10); defaultpen(dps); /* default pen style */ pen dotstyle = black; /* point style */ real xmin = -0.43, xmax = 4.69, ymin = -0.49, ymax = 2.22; /* image dimensions */ draw((0.23,0.23)--(0.59,0.23)--(0.41,0.54)--cycle); draw((1.27,1.04)--(1.63,1.04)--(1.45,1.35)--cycle); draw((1.45,0.23)--(1.52,0.3)--(1.59,0.3)--(1.56,0.38)--(1.59,0.46)--(1.52,0.46)--(1.45,0.54)--(1.38,0.46)--(1.31,0.46)--(1.35,0.38)--(1.31,0.3)--(1.38,0.3)--cycle); draw((1.8,1.04)--(1.87,1.11)--(1.94,1.11)--(1.91,1.19)--(1.94,1.27)--(1.87,1.27)--(1.8,1.35)--(1.73,1.27)--(1.66,1.27)--(1.7,1.19)--(1.66,1.11)--(1.73,1.11)--cycle); draw((1.27,1.85)--(1.63,1.85)--(1.45,2.16)--cycle); draw((1.73,0.23)--(1.88,0.23)--(1.88,0.37)--(1.73,0.37)--cycle); draw((0.52,1.04)--(0.66,1.04)--(0.66,1.18)--(0.52,1.18)--cycle); draw((1.64,1.85)--(1.79,1.85)--(1.79,1.99)--(1.64,1.99)--cycle); draw((1.82,1.85)--(1.96,1.85)--(1.96,1.99)--(1.82,1.99)--cycle); /* draw figures */ draw((0,0)--(2.18,0)); draw((0.41,0)--(0.41,0.23)); draw((1.63,0)--(1.63,0.23)); draw((0.95,-0.15)--(1.09,0)); draw((1.23,-0.15)--(1.09,0)); draw((1.23,-0.15)--(0.95,-0.15)); draw((0.23,0.23)--(0.59,0.23)); draw((0.59,0.23)--(0.41,0.54)); draw((0.41,0.54)--(0.23,0.23)); draw((0.08,0.23)--(0.73,0.23)); draw((1.28,0.23)--(1.98,0.23)); draw((1.31,0.46)--(1.35,0.38)); draw((1.59,0.3)--(1.56,0.38)); draw((1.59,0.46)--(1.56,0.38)); draw((1.31,0.3)--(1.35,0.38)); draw((1.31,0.46)--(1.38,0.46)); draw((1.38,0.46)--(1.45,0.54)); draw((1.52,0.3)--(1.45,0.23)); draw((1.59,0.3)--(1.52,0.3)); draw((1.52,0.46)--(1.45,0.54)); draw((1.59,0.46)--(1.52,0.46)); draw((1.31,0.3)--(1.38,0.3)); draw((1.38,0.3)--(1.45,0.23)); draw((0,0.81)--(2.18,0.81)); draw((0.41,0.81)--(0.41,1.04)); draw((1.63,0.81)--(1.63,1.04)); draw((0.95,0.66)--(1.09,0.81)); draw((1.23,0.66)--(1.09,0.81)); draw((1.23,0.66)--(0.95,0.66)); draw((0.08,1.04)--(0.73,1.04)); draw((1.28,1.04)--(1.98,1.04)); draw((1.72,1.04)--(1.89,1.04)); draw(circle((0.25,1.21), 0.17)); draw((1.45,0.23)--(1.52,0.3)); draw((1.52,0.3)--(1.59,0.3)); draw((1.52,0.46)--(1.45,0.54)); draw((1.38,0.46)--(1.31,0.46)); draw((1.31,0.3)--(1.38,0.3)); draw((1.38,0.3)--(1.45,0.23)); draw((1.8,1.04)--(1.87,1.11)); draw((1.87,1.11)--(1.94,1.11)); draw((1.94,1.11)--(1.91,1.19)); draw((1.91,1.19)--(1.94,1.27)); draw((1.94,1.27)--(1.87,1.27)); draw((1.87,1.27)--(1.8,1.35)); draw((1.8,1.35)--(1.73,1.27)); draw((1.73,1.27)--(1.66,1.27)); draw((1.66,1.27)--(1.7,1.19)); draw((1.7,1.19)--(1.66,1.11)); draw((1.66,1.11)--(1.73,1.11)); draw((1.73,1.11)--(1.8,1.04)); draw((0,1.62)--(2.18,1.62)); draw((0.41,1.62)--(0.41,1.85)); draw((1.63,1.62)--(1.63,1.85)); draw((0.95,1.47)--(1.09,1.62)); draw((1.23,1.47)--(1.09,1.62)); draw((1.23,1.47)--(0.95,1.47)); draw((0.23,1.85)--(0.59,1.85)); draw((0.08,1.85)--(0.73,1.85)); draw((1.28,1.85)--(1.98,1.85)); draw(circle((0.41,2.02), 0.17)); draw((1.73,0.23)--(1.88,0.23)); draw((1.88,0.23)--(1.88,0.37)); draw((1.88,0.37)--(1.73,0.37)); draw((1.73,0.37)--(1.73,0.23)); /* dots and labels */ clip((xmin,ymin)--(xmin,ymax)--(xmax,ymax)--(xmax,ymin)--cycle); /* end of picture */ //Credit to dasobson for the diagram[/asy]$

## Solution

$\circ=\triangle+2$ $\square$

$\circ+\square=\triangle+\star$

$\triangle+2$ $\square+\square=\triangle+\star$

$3$ $\square=\star$

$\triangle=3$ $\square+\square=4$ $\square$

$\circ=4$ $\square+2$ $\square=\boxed{6}$ $\square$