Difference between revisions of "2005 PMWC Problems/Problem T8"

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== Solution ==
 
== Solution ==
[[Image:2005_PMWC-T8.png]]
 
  
Since the figure in the middle is a rectangle, the isosceles triangles on opposite vertices are congruent. Let <math>x</math> be a leg of the first two, and <math>y</math> the other two. The sum of the areas of the triangle is then <math>2\left(\frac{1}{2}x^2\right) + 2\left(\frac{1}{2}y^2\right) = x^2 + y^2 = 200</math>. (Remember that the sides are of unequal lengths, so we exclude <math>x = y=  10</math>). Since squares <math>\equiv 0,1 \pmod{4}</math>, we can reduce our search to even integers, and a short bit of trial and error yield <math>x = 2, y = 14</math> works.  
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Since the figure in the middle is a rectangle, the isosceles triangles on opposite vertices are congruent. Let <math>x</math> be the leg of the smaller triangles, and <math>y</math> be the leg of the other two. The sum of the areas of the triangle is then <math>2\left(\frac{1}{2}x^2\right) + 2\left(\frac{1}{2}y^2\right) = x^2 + y^2 = 200</math>. (Remember that the sides are of unequal lengths, so we exclude <math>x = y=  10</math>). Since squares <math>\equiv 0,1 \pmod{4}</math>, we can reduce our search to even integers, and a short bit of trial and error yield <math>x = 2, y = 14</math> works.
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Using subtraction of areas or <math>45-45-90</math> triangles, we find that the area of the rectangle is <math>(x + y)^2 - x^2 - y^2 = 2xy</math>; so the area of the rectangle is <math>2(2)(14) = 56</math>.
  
Using subtraction of areas or 45-45-90 triangles, we find that the area of the rectangle is <math>(x + y)^2 - x^2 - y^2 = 2xy</math>; so the area of the rectangle is <math>2(2)(14) = 56</math>.
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[[Image:2005_PMWC-T8.png]]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
{{PMWC box|year=2005|num-b=T7|num-a=T9}}
 
{{PMWC box|year=2005|num-b=T7|num-a=T9}}

Latest revision as of 21:58, 1 January 2020

Problem

An isosceles right triangle is removed from each corner of a square piece of paper so that a rectangle of unequal sides remains. If the sum of the areas of the cut-off pieces is $200$ and the lengths of the legs of the triangles cut off are integers, find the area of the rectangle.

Solution

Since the figure in the middle is a rectangle, the isosceles triangles on opposite vertices are congruent. Let $x$ be the leg of the smaller triangles, and $y$ be the leg of the other two. The sum of the areas of the triangle is then $2\left(\frac{1}{2}x^2\right) + 2\left(\frac{1}{2}y^2\right) = x^2 + y^2 = 200$. (Remember that the sides are of unequal lengths, so we exclude $x = y=  10$). Since squares $\equiv 0,1 \pmod{4}$, we can reduce our search to even integers, and a short bit of trial and error yield $x = 2, y = 14$ works.

Using subtraction of areas or $45-45-90$ triangles, we find that the area of the rectangle is $(x + y)^2 - x^2 - y^2 = 2xy$; so the area of the rectangle is $2(2)(14) = 56$.

2005 PMWC-T8.png

See also

2005 PMWC (Problems)
Preceded by
Problem T7
Followed by
Problem T9
I: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
T: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
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