Difference between revisions of "2006 AIME II Problems/Problem 11"
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~ I-_-I | ~ I-_-I | ||
− | === Solution 3 (some guessing involved) === | + | === Solution 3 (some guessing involved)/"Engineer's Induction" === |
All terms in the sequence are sums of previous terms, so the sum of all terms up to a certain point must be some linear combination of the first three terms. Also, we are given <math>a_{28}, a_{29}, </math> and <math>a_{30}</math>, so we can guess that there is some way to use them in a formula. Namely, we guess that there exists some <math>p, q, r</math> such that <math>\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k} = pa_n+qa_{n+1}+ra_{n+2}</math>. From here, we list out the first few terms of the sequence and the cumulative sums, and with a little bit of substitution and algebra we see that <math>(p, q, r) = (\frac{1}{2}, 0, \frac{1}{2})</math>, at least for the first few terms. From this, we have that <math>\sum_{k=1}^{28}{a_k} = \frac{a_{28}+a_{30}}{2} \equiv{\boxed{834}}(\mod 1000)</math>. | All terms in the sequence are sums of previous terms, so the sum of all terms up to a certain point must be some linear combination of the first three terms. Also, we are given <math>a_{28}, a_{29}, </math> and <math>a_{30}</math>, so we can guess that there is some way to use them in a formula. Namely, we guess that there exists some <math>p, q, r</math> such that <math>\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_k} = pa_n+qa_{n+1}+ra_{n+2}</math>. From here, we list out the first few terms of the sequence and the cumulative sums, and with a little bit of substitution and algebra we see that <math>(p, q, r) = (\frac{1}{2}, 0, \frac{1}{2})</math>, at least for the first few terms. From this, we have that <math>\sum_{k=1}^{28}{a_k} = \frac{a_{28}+a_{30}}{2} \equiv{\boxed{834}}(\mod 1000)</math>. | ||
− | Solution by zeroman | + | Solution by zeroman; clarified by srisainandan6 |
+ | |||
== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2006|n=II|num-b=10|num-a=12}} | {{AIME box|year=2006|n=II|num-b=10|num-a=12}} |
Revision as of 13:14, 1 April 2020
Contents
Problem
A sequence is defined as follows and, for all positive integers Given that and find the remainder when is divided by 1000.
Solution
Solution 1
Define the sum as . Since , the sum will be:
Thus , and are both given; the last four digits of their sum is , and half of that is . Therefore, the answer is .
Solution 2 (bash)
Since the problem only asks for the first 28 terms and we only need to calculate mod 1000, we simply bash the first 28 terms:
Adding all the residues shows the sum is congruent to mod 1000.
~ I-_-I
Solution 3 (some guessing involved)/"Engineer's Induction"
All terms in the sequence are sums of previous terms, so the sum of all terms up to a certain point must be some linear combination of the first three terms. Also, we are given and , so we can guess that there is some way to use them in a formula. Namely, we guess that there exists some such that . From here, we list out the first few terms of the sequence and the cumulative sums, and with a little bit of substitution and algebra we see that , at least for the first few terms. From this, we have that .
Solution by zeroman; clarified by srisainandan6
See also
2006 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 10 |
Followed by Problem 12 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.