# 2006 AIME II Problems/Problem 12

## Problem

Equilateral $\triangle ABC$ is inscribed in a circle of radius $2$. Extend $\overline{AB}$ through $B$ to point $D$ so that $AD=13,$ and extend $\overline{AC}$ through $C$ to point $E$ so that $AE = 11.$ Through $D,$ draw a line $l_1$ parallel to $\overline{AE},$ and through $E,$ draw a line $l_2$ parallel to $\overline{AD}.$ Let $F$ be the intersection of $l_1$ and $l_2.$ Let $G$ be the point on the circle that is collinear with $A$ and $F$ and distinct from $A.$ Given that the area of $\triangle CBG$ can be expressed in the form $\frac{p\sqrt{q}}{r},$ where $p, q,$ and $r$ are positive integers, $p$ and $r$ are relatively prime, and $q$ is not divisible by the square of any prime, find $p+q+r.$

## Solution

$[asy] size(250); pointpen = black; pathpen = black + linewidth(0.65); pen s = fontsize(8); pair A=(0,0),B=(-3^.5,-3),C=(3^.5,-3),D=13*expi(-2*pi/3),E1=11*expi(-pi/3),F=E1+D; path O = CP((0,-2),A); pair G = OP(A--F,O); D(MP("A",A,N,s)--MP("B",B,W,s)--MP("C",C,E,s)--cycle);D(O); D(B--MP("D",D,W,s)--MP("F",F,s)--MP("E",E1,E,s)--C); D(A--F);D(B--MP("G",G,SW,s)--C); MP("11",(A+E1)/2,NE);MP("13",(A+D)/2,NW);MP("l_1",(D+F)/2,SW);MP("l_2",(E1+F)/2,SE); [/asy]$

Notice that $\angle{E} = \angle{BGC} = 120^\circ$ because $\angle{A} = 60^\circ$. Also, $\angle{GBC} = \angle{GAC} = \angle{FAE}$ because they both correspond to arc ${GC}$. So $\Delta{GBC} \sim \Delta{EAF}$.

$$[EAF] = \frac12 (AE)(EF)\sin \angle AEF = \frac12\cdot11\cdot13\cdot\sin{120^\circ} = \frac {143\sqrt3}4.$$

Because the ratio of the area of two similar figures is the square of the ratio of the corresponding sides, $[GBC] = \frac {BC^2}{AF^2}\cdot[EAF] = \frac {12}{11^2 + 13^2 - 2\cdot11\cdot13\cdot\cos120^\circ}\cdot\frac {143\sqrt3}4 = \frac {429\sqrt3}{433}$. Therefore, the answer is $429+433+3=\boxed{865}$.