2007 AIME I Problems

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2007 AIME I (Answer Key)
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Instructions

  1. This is a 15-question, 3-hour examination. All answers are integers ranging from $000$ to $999$, inclusive. Your score will be the number of correct answers; i.e., there is neither partial credit nor a penalty for wrong answers.
  2. No aids other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, and protractor are permitted. In particular, calculators and computers are not permitted.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Problem 1

How many positive perfect squares less than $10^6$ are multiples of 24?

Solution

Problem 2

A 100 foot long moving walkway moves at a constant rate of 6 feet per second. Al steps onto the start of the walkway and stands. Bob steps onto the start of the walkway two seconds later and strolls forward along the walkway at a constant rate of 2 feet per second. Two seconds after that, Cy reaches the start of the walkway and walks briskly forward beside the walkway at a constant rate of 4 feet per second. At a certain time, one of these three persons is exactly halfway between the other two. At that time, find the distance in feet between the start of the walkway and the middle person.

Solution


"Something is wrong here. The problem here and the problem in the solution are different."

The solution is correct because Al is moving at 6 ft/s, Bob is moving at 6+4=10 ft/s, and Cy is walking "beside" the walkway so he is moving at 8 ft/s.

Problem 3

The complex number $z$ is equal to $9+bi$, where $b$ is a positive real number and $i^{2}=-1$. Given that the imaginary parts of $z^{2}$ and $z^{3}$ are the same, what is $b$ equal to?

Solution

Problem 4

Three planets orbit a star circularly in the same plane. Each moves in the same direction and moves at constant speed. Their periods are $60$, $84$, and $140$ years. The three planets and the star are currently collinear. What is the fewest number of years from now that they will all be collinear again?

Solution

Problem 5

The formula for converting a Fahrenheit temperature $F$ to the corresponding Celsius temperature $C$ is $C = \frac{5}{9}(F-32).$ An integer Fahrenheit temperature is converted to Celsius, rounded to the nearest integer, converted back to Fahrenheit, and again rounded to the nearest integer.

For how many integer Fahrenheit temperatures between $32$ and $1000$ inclusive does the original temperature equal the final temperature?

Solution

Problem 6

A frog is placed at the origin on the number line, and moves according to the following rule: in a given move, the frog advances to either the closest point with a greater integer coordinate that is a multiple of $3$, or to the closest point with a greater integer coordinate that is a multiple of $13$. A move sequence is a sequence of coordinates which correspond to valid moves, beginning with $0$, and ending with $39$. For example, $0,\ 3,\ 6,\ 13,\ 15,\ 26,\ 39$ is a move sequence. How many move sequences are possible for the frog?

Solution

Problem 7

Let $N = \sum_{k = 1}^{1000} k ( \lceil \log_{\sqrt{2}} k \rceil  - \lfloor \log_{\sqrt{2}} k \rfloor )$

Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by 1000. ($\lfloor{k}\rfloor$ is the greatest integer less than or equal to $k$, and $\lceil{k}\rceil$ is the least integer greater than or equal to $k$.)

Solution

Problem 8

The polynomial $P(x)$ is cubic. What is the largest value of $k$ for which the polynomials $Q_1(x) = x^2 + (k-29)x - k$ and $Q_2(x) = 2x^2+ (2k-43)x + k$ are both factors of $P(x)$?

Solution

Problem 9

In right triangle $ABC$ with right angle $C$, $CA = 30$ and $CB = 16$. Its legs $CA$ and $CB$ are extended beyond $A$ and $B$. Points $O_1$ and $O_2$ lie in the exterior of the triangle and are the centers of two circles with equal radii. The circle with center $O_1$ is tangent to the hypotenuse and to the extension of leg $CA$, the circle with center $O_2$ is tangent to the hypotenuse and to the extension of leg $CB$, and the circles are externally tangent to each other. The length of the radius of either circle can be expressed as $p/q$, where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $p+q$.

AIME I 2007-9.png

Solution

Problem 10

In a $6 \times 4$ grid ($6$ rows, $4$ columns), $12$ of the $24$ squares are to be shaded so that there are two shaded squares in each row and three shaded squares in each column. Let $N$ be the number of shadings with this property. Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by $1000$.

AIME I 2007-10.png

Solution

Problem 11

For each positive integer $p$, let $b(p)$ denote the unique positive integer $k$ such that $|k-\sqrt{p}| < \frac{1}{2}$. For example, $b(6) = 2$ and $b(23) = 5$. If $S = \sum_{p=1}^{2007} b(p),$ find the remainder when $S$ is divided by 1000.

Solution

Problem 12

In isosceles triangle $ABC$, $A$ is located at the origin and $B$ is located at (20,0). Point $C$ is in the first quadrant with $AC = BC$ and angle $BAC = 75^{\circ}$. If triangle $ABC$ is rotated counterclockwise about point $A$ until the image of $C$ lies on the positive $y$-axis, the area of the region common to the original and the rotated triangle is in the form $p\sqrt{2} + q\sqrt{3} + r\sqrt{6} + s$, where $p,q,r,s$ are integers. Find $(p-q+r-s)/2$.

Solution

Problem 13

A square pyramid with base $ABCD$ and vertex $E$ has eight edges of length 4. A plane passes through the midpoints of $AE$, $BC$, and $CD$. The plane's intersection with the pyramid has an area that can be expressed as $\sqrt{p}$. Find $p$.

AIME I 2007-13.png

Solution

Problem 14

A sequence is defined over non-negative integral indexes in the following way: $a_{0}=a_{1}=3$, $a_{n+1}a_{n-1}=a_{n}^{2}+2007$.

Find the greatest integer that does not exceed $\frac{a_{2006}^{2}+a_{2007}^{2}}{a_{2006}a_{2007}}$

Solution

Problem 15

Let $ABC$ be an equilateral triangle, and let $D$ and $F$ be points on sides $BC$ and $AB$, respectively, with $FA = 5$ and $CD = 2$. Point $E$ lies on side $CA$ such that angle $DEF = 60^{\circ}$. The area of triangle $DEF$ is $14\sqrt{3}$. The two possible values of the length of side $AB$ are $p \pm q \sqrt{r}$, where $p$ and $q$ are rational, and $r$ is an integer not divisible by the square of a prime. Find $r$.

Solution

See also

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

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