2008 AIME I Problems/Problem 8
Find the positive integer such that
Since we are dealing with acute angles, .
Note that , by tangent addition. Thus, .
Applying this to the first two terms, we get .
We now have . Thus, ; and simplifying, .
Solution 2 (generalization)
From the expansion of , we can see that and If we divide both of these by , then we have which makes for more direct, less error-prone computations. Substitution gives the desired answer.
Adding a series of angles is the same as multiplying the complex numbers whose arguments they are. In general, , is the argument of . The sum of these angles is then just the argument of the product
and expansion give us . Since the argument of this complex number is , its real and imaginary parts must be equal. So we set them equal and expand the product to get: Therefore, equals .
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