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Difference between revisions of "2009 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 17"

Problem

The positive integers $x$ and $y$ are the two smallest positive integers for which the product of $360$ and $x$ is a square and the product of $360$ and $y$ is a cube. What is the sum of $x$ and $y$? $\textbf{(A)}\ 80 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 85 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 115 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 165 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 610$

Solution

The prime factorization of $360=2^3*3^2*5$. If a number is a perfect square, all of the exponents in its prime factorization must be even. Thus we need to multiply by a 2 and a 5, for a product of 10, which is the minimum possible value of x. Similarly, y can be found by making all the exponents divisible by 3, so the minimum possible value of $y$ is $3*5^2=75$. Thus, our answer is $x+y=10+75=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 85}$.

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