2009 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23

Revision as of 19:31, 23 January 2019 by G1zq (talk | contribs) (Solution)

Problem

On the last day of school, Mrs. Awesome gave jelly beans to her class. She gave each boy as many jelly beans as there were boys in the class. She gave each girl as many jelly beans as there were girls in the class. She brought $400$ jelly beans, and when she finished, she had six jelly beans left. There were two more boys than girls in her class. How many students were in her class?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 26\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 28\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 30\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 32\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 34$

Solution

If there are $x$ girls, then there are $x+2$ boys. She gave each girl $x$ jellybeans and each boy $x+2$ jellybeans, for a total of $x^2 + (x+2)^2$ jellybeans. She gave away $400-6=394$ jellybeans.

\begin{align*} x^2+(x+2)^2 &= 394\\ x^2+x^2+4x+4 &= 394\\ 2x^2 + 4x - 390 &= 0\\ x^2 + 2x - 195 &= 0\\ (x+15)(x-13) &=0 \end{align*}

Because $x=-15,13$, and there cannot be a negative amount of students, there are $13$ girls, $13+2=15$ boys, and $13+15=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 28}$ students.

See Also

2009 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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