Difference between revisions of "2012 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21"

(See Also)
Line 6: Line 6:
 
==Solution==
 
==Solution==
  
When you see that there are lengths a and 2a, one could think of 30-60-90 triangles. Since all of the other's lengths are a, you could think that <math>b=\sqrt{3a}</math>.
+
When you see that there are lengths a and 2a, one could think of 30-60-90 triangles. Since all of the other's lengths are a, you could think that <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>.
Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where <math>b=\sqrt{3a}</math>. It turns out that <math>a,</math> <math>2a,</math> and <math>b</math> could be the lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle, and the other 3 <math>"a's"</math> can be the lengths of an equilateral triangle formed from connecting the dots.
+
Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>. It turns out that <math>a,</math> <math>2a,</math> and <math>b</math> could be the lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle, and the other 3 <math>"a's"</math> can be the lengths of an equilateral triangle formed from connecting the dots.
So, <math>b=\sqrt{3a}</math>, so <math>b:a= \sqrt{3}=(A)</math>
+
So, <math>b=\sqrt{3}a</math>, so <math>b:a= \sqrt{3}=(A)</math>
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==

Revision as of 14:24, 20 March 2013

Problem 21

Four distinct points are arranged on a plane so that the segments connecting them have lengths $a$, $a$, $a$, $a$, $2a$, and $b$. What is the ratio of $b$ to $a$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \pi$

Solution

When you see that there are lengths a and 2a, one could think of 30-60-90 triangles. Since all of the other's lengths are a, you could think that $b=\sqrt{3}a$. Drawing the points out, it is possible to have a diagram where $b=\sqrt{3}a$. It turns out that $a,$ $2a,$ and $b$ could be the lengths of a 30-60-90 triangle, and the other 3 $"a's"$ can be the lengths of an equilateral triangle formed from connecting the dots. So, $b=\sqrt{3}a$, so $b:a= \sqrt{3}=(A)$

See Also

2012 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
Invalid username
Login to AoPS