Difference between revisions of "2013 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 10"

(guys no opinionated in the wiki or weird caps)
m (Solution 1)
Line 11: Line 11:
 
The prime factorization of <math>594 = 3^3 \times  11 \times 2</math>.
 
The prime factorization of <math>594 = 3^3 \times  11 \times 2</math>.
  
Then, find the greatest power of all the numbers there are; if one number is one but not the other, use it (this is <math>3^3, 5, 11, 2^2</math>). Multiply all of these to get 5940.  
+
Then, to find the LCM, we have to find the greatest power of all the numbers there are; if one number is one but not the other, use it (this is <math>3^3, 5, 11, 2^2</math>). Multiply all of these to get 5940.  
  
 
For the GCF of 180 and 594, use the least power of all of the numbers that are in both factorizations and multiply. <math>3^2 \times 2</math> = 18.
 
For the GCF of 180 and 594, use the least power of all of the numbers that are in both factorizations and multiply. <math>3^2 \times 2</math> = 18.

Revision as of 08:33, 19 February 2016

Problem

What is the ratio of the least common multiple of 180 and 594 to the greatest common factor of 180 and 594?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 110 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 165 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 330 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 625 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 660$

Solution 1

To find either the LCM or the GCF of two numbers, always prime factorize first.

The prime factorization of $180 = 3^2 \times  5 \times 2^2$.

The prime factorization of $594 = 3^3 \times  11 \times 2$.

Then, to find the LCM, we have to find the greatest power of all the numbers there are; if one number is one but not the other, use it (this is $3^3, 5, 11, 2^2$). Multiply all of these to get 5940.

For the GCF of 180 and 594, use the least power of all of the numbers that are in both factorizations and multiply. $3^2 \times 2$ = 18.

Thus the answer = $\frac{5940}{18}$ = $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 330}$.

Similar Solution

We start off with a similar approach as the original solution. From the prime factorizations, the GCF is $18$.

It is a well known fact that $\gcd(m,n)\times \operatorname{lcm}(m,n)=|mn|$. So we have, $18\times \operatorname{lcm} (180,594)=594\times 180$.

Dividing by $18$ yields $\operatorname{lcm} (180,594)=594\times 10=5940$.

Therefore, $\dfrac{\operatorname{lcm} (180,594)}{\gcd(180,594)}=\dfrac{5940}{18}=\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 330}$.

See Also

2013 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS