Difference between revisions of "2013 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 24"
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==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
+ | <asy> | ||
+ | pair A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,X; | ||
+ | A = (0.5,2); | ||
+ | B = (1.5,2); | ||
+ | C = (1.5,1); | ||
+ | D = (0.5,1); | ||
+ | E = (0,1); | ||
+ | F = (0,0); | ||
+ | G = (1,0); | ||
+ | H = (1,1); | ||
+ | I = (2,1); | ||
+ | J = (2,0); | ||
+ | X= extension(I,J,A,B); | ||
+ | dot(X); | ||
+ | draw(I--X--B,red); | ||
+ | draw(A--B); | ||
+ | draw(C--B); | ||
+ | draw(D--A); | ||
+ | draw(F--E); | ||
+ | draw(I--J); | ||
+ | draw(J--F); | ||
+ | draw(G--H); | ||
+ | draw(A--J); | ||
+ | filldraw(A--B--C--I--J--cycle,grey); | ||
+ | draw(E--I); | ||
+ | label("$A$", A, NW); | ||
+ | label("$B$", B, NE); | ||
+ | label("$C$", C, NE); | ||
+ | label("$D$", D, NW); | ||
+ | label("$E$", E, NW); | ||
+ | label("$F$", F, SW); | ||
+ | label("$G$", G, S); | ||
+ | label("$H$", H, N); | ||
+ | label("$I$", I, NE); | ||
+ | label("$J$", J, SE);</asy> | ||
+ | |||
First let <math>s=2</math> (where <math>s</math> is the side length of the squares) for simplicity. We can extend <math>\overline{IJ}</math> until it hits the extension of <math>\overline{AB}</math>. Call this point <math>X</math>. The area of triangle <math>AXJ</math> then is <math>\dfrac{3 \cdot 4}{2}</math> The area of rectangle <math>BXIC</math> is <math>2 \cdot 1 = 2</math>. Thus, our desired area is <math>6-2 = 4</math>. Now, the ratio of the shaded area to the combined area of the three squares is <math>\frac{4}{3\cdot 2^2} = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{1}{3}}</math>. | First let <math>s=2</math> (where <math>s</math> is the side length of the squares) for simplicity. We can extend <math>\overline{IJ}</math> until it hits the extension of <math>\overline{AB}</math>. Call this point <math>X</math>. The area of triangle <math>AXJ</math> then is <math>\dfrac{3 \cdot 4}{2}</math> The area of rectangle <math>BXIC</math> is <math>2 \cdot 1 = 2</math>. Thus, our desired area is <math>6-2 = 4</math>. Now, the ratio of the shaded area to the combined area of the three squares is <math>\frac{4}{3\cdot 2^2} = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\hspace{.05in}\frac{1}{3}}</math>. |
Revision as of 18:32, 27 November 2013
Problem
Squares , , and are equal in area. Points and are the midpoints of sides and , respectively. What is the ratio of the area of the shaded pentagon to the sum of the areas of the three squares?
Solution
First let (where is the side length of the squares) for simplicity. We can extend until it hits the extension of . Call this point . The area of triangle then is The area of rectangle is . Thus, our desired area is . Now, the ratio of the shaded area to the combined area of the three squares is .
See Also
2013 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 23 |
Followed by Problem 25 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.