Difference between revisions of "2013 USAMO Problems/Problem 3"

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Let <math>n</math> be a positive integer.  There are <math>\tfrac{n(n+1)}{2}</math> marks, each with a black side and a white side, arranged into an equilateral triangle, with the biggest row containing <math>n</math> marks.  Initially, each mark has the black side up.  An ''operation'' is to choose a line parallel to the sides of the triangle, and flipping all the marks on that line.  A configuration is called ''admissible'' if it can be obtained from the initial configuration by performing a finite number of operations.  For each admissible configuration <math>C</math>, let <math>f(C)</math> denote the smallest number of operations required to obtain <math>C</math> from the initial configuration.  Find the maximum value of <math>f(C)</math>, where <math>C</math> varies over all admissible configurations
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Let <math>n</math> be a positive integer.  There are <math>\tfrac{n(n+1)}{2}</math> marks, each with a black side and a white side, arranged into an equilateral triangle, with the biggest row containing <math>n</math> marks.  Initially, each mark has the black side up.  An ''operation'' is to choose a line parallel to the sides of the triangle, and flipping all the marks on that line.  A configuration is called ''admissible'' if it can be obtained from the initial configuration by performing a finite number of operations.  For each admissible configuration <math>C</math>, let <math>f(C)</math> denote the smallest number of operations required to obtain <math>C</math> from the initial configuration.  Find the maximum value of <math>f(C)</math>, where <math>C</math> varies over all admissible configurations.
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Revision as of 18:00, 3 July 2013

Let $n$ be a positive integer. There are $\tfrac{n(n+1)}{2}$ marks, each with a black side and a white side, arranged into an equilateral triangle, with the biggest row containing $n$ marks. Initially, each mark has the black side up. An operation is to choose a line parallel to the sides of the triangle, and flipping all the marks on that line. A configuration is called admissible if it can be obtained from the initial configuration by performing a finite number of operations. For each admissible configuration $C$, let $f(C)$ denote the smallest number of operations required to obtain $C$ from the initial configuration. Find the maximum value of $f(C)$, where $C$ varies over all admissible configurations. The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

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