2015 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20

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Problem

A rectangle has area $A$ $\text{cm}^2$ and perimeter $P$ $\text{cm}$, where $A$ and $P$ are positive integers. Which of the following numbers cannot equal $A+P$?

$\textbf{(A) }100\qquad\textbf{(B) }102\qquad\textbf{(C) }104\qquad\textbf{(D) }106\qquad\textbf{(E) }108$

Solution

Let the rectangle's length and width be $a$ and $b$. Its area is $ab$ and the perimeter is $2(a + b)$.

Then $A + P = ab + 2a + 2b$. Factoring, this is $(a + 2)(b + 2) - 4$.

Looking at the answer choices, only $102$ cannot be written this way, because then either $a$ or $b$ would be $0$.

So the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B) }102}$.

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