2015 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 20

Problem

A rectangle with positive integer side lengths in $\text{cm}$ has area $A$ $\text{cm}^2$ and perimeter $P$ $\text{cm}$. Which of the following numbers cannot equal $A+P$?

$\textbf{(A) }100\qquad\textbf{(B) }102\qquad\textbf{(C) }104\qquad\textbf{(D) }106\qquad\textbf{(E) }108$

Solution

Let the rectangle's length be $a$ and its width be $b$. Its area is $ab$ and the perimeter is $2a+2b$.

Then $A + P = ab + 2a + 2b$. Factoring, we have $(a + 2)(b + 2) - 4$.

The only one of the answer choices that cannot be expressed in this form is $102$, as $102 + 4$ is twice a prime. There would then be no way to express $106$ as $(a + 2)(b + 2)$, keeping $a$ and $b$ as positive integers.

Our answer is then $\boxed{B}$.

Note: The original problem only stated that $A$ and $P$ were positive integers, not the side lengths themselves. This rendered the problem unsolvable, and so the AMC awarded everyone 6 points on this problem. This wiki has the corrected version of the problem so that the 2015 AMC 10A test can be used for practice.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/RLo-e2On6Ac

~savannahsolver

See Also

2015 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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