Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 12A Problems"
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==Problem 1== | ==Problem 1== | ||
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==Problem 3== | ==Problem 3== | ||
− | Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. | + | Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. After he graded Payton's test, the class average became 81. What was Payton's score on the test? |
<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 81\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 85\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 91\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 94\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95 </math> | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 81\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 85\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 91\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 94\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 95 </math> | ||
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The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is <math>4</math> : <math>3</math>. If the rectangle has diagonal of length <math>d</math>, then the area may be expressed as <math>kd^2</math> for some constant <math>k</math>. What is <math>k</math>? | The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is <math>4</math> : <math>3</math>. If the rectangle has diagonal of length <math>d</math>, then the area may be expressed as <math>kd^2</math> for some constant <math>k</math>. What is <math>k</math>? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac27 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac37 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{12}{25} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{16}{ | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac27 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac37 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{12}{25} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{16}{25} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac34</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 8|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 8|Solution]] | ||
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==Problem 14== | ==Problem 14== | ||
− | What is the value of <math>a</math> for which <math>\frac{1}{\ | + | What is the value of <math>a</math> for which <math>\frac{1}{\log_2 a} + \frac{1}{\log_3 a} + \frac{1}{\log_4 a} = 1</math>? |
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+ | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 24\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 36</math> | ||
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 14|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 14|Solution]] | ||
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Tetrahedron <math>ABCD</math> has <math>AB=5,AC=3,BC=4,BD=4,AD=3,</math> and <math>CD=\frac{12}{5}\sqrt{2}</math>. What is the volume of the tetrahedron? | Tetrahedron <math>ABCD</math> has <math>AB=5,AC=3,BC=4,BD=4,AD=3,</math> and <math>CD=\frac{12}{5}\sqrt{2}</math>. What is the volume of the tetrahedron? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 3\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{24}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 3\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{24}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\sqrt{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{24}{5}\sqrt{2}</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 16|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 16|Solution]] | ||
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Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand? | Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{47}{256} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{16} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{49}{256} \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{47}{256} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{3}{16} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{49}{256} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{25}{128} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{51}{256}</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 17|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 17|Solution]] | ||
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The zeros of the function <math>f(x) = x^2-ax+2a</math> are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of <math>a</math>? | The zeros of the function <math>f(x) = x^2-ax+2a</math> are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of <math>a</math>? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 16 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 17 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 18</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 18|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 18|Solution]] | ||
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For some positive integers <math>p</math>, there is a quadrilateral <math>ABCD</math> with positive integer side lengths, perimeter <math>p</math>, right angles at <math>B</math> and <math>C</math>, <math>AB=2</math>, and <math>CD=AD</math>. How many different values of <math>p<2015</math> are possible? | For some positive integers <math>p</math>, there is a quadrilateral <math>ABCD</math> with positive integer side lengths, perimeter <math>p</math>, right angles at <math>B</math> and <math>C</math>, <math>AB=2</math>, and <math>CD=AD</math>. How many different values of <math>p<2015</math> are possible? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 30 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 31 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 30 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 31 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 62 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 63</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 19|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 19|Solution]] | ||
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Isosceles triangles <math>T</math> and <math>T'</math> are not congruent but have the same area and the same perimeter. The sides of <math>T</math> have lengths of <math>5,5,</math> and <math>8</math>, while those of <math>T'</math> have lengths of <math>a,a,</math> and <math>b</math>. Which of the following numbers is closest to <math>b</math>? | Isosceles triangles <math>T</math> and <math>T'</math> are not congruent but have the same area and the same perimeter. The sides of <math>T</math> have lengths of <math>5,5,</math> and <math>8</math>, while those of <math>T'</math> have lengths of <math>a,a,</math> and <math>b</math>. Which of the following numbers is closest to <math>b</math>? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 8</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 20|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 20|Solution]] | ||
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A circle of radius <math>r</math> passes through both foci of, and exactly four points on, the ellipse with equation <math>x^2+16y^2=16</math>. The set of all possible values of <math>r</math> is an interval <math>[a,b)</math>. What is <math>a+b</math>? | A circle of radius <math>r</math> passes through both foci of, and exactly four points on, the ellipse with equation <math>x^2+16y^2=16</math>. The set of all possible values of <math>r</math> is an interval <math>[a,b)</math>. What is <math>a+b</math>? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 5\sqrt{2}+4 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \sqrt{17}+7 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\sqrt{2}+3 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 5\sqrt{2}+4 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \sqrt{17}+7 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\sqrt{2}+3 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \sqrt{15}+8 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 12</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 21|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 21|Solution]] | ||
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For each positive integer <math>n</math>, let <math>S(n)</math> be the number of sequences of length <math>n</math> consisting solely of the letters <math>A</math> and <math>B</math>, with no more than three <math>A</math>s in a row and no more than three <math>B</math>s in a row. What is the remainder when <math>S(2015)</math> is divided by 12? | For each positive integer <math>n</math>, let <math>S(n)</math> be the number of sequences of length <math>n</math> consisting solely of the letters <math>A</math> and <math>B</math>, with no more than three <math>A</math>s in a row and no more than three <math>B</math>s in a row. What is the remainder when <math>S(2015)</math> is divided by 12? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 8 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 10</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 22|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 22|Solution]] | ||
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Let <math>S</math> be a square of side length 1. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of <math>S</math>. The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least <math>\frac12</math> is <math>\frac{a-b\pi}{c}</math>, where <math>a,b,</math> and <math>c</math> are positive integers and <math>\text{gcd}(a,b,c) = 1</math>. What is <math>a+b+c</math>? | Let <math>S</math> be a square of side length 1. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of <math>S</math>. The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least <math>\frac12</math> is <math>\frac{a-b\pi}{c}</math>, where <math>a,b,</math> and <math>c</math> are positive integers and <math>\text{gcd}(a,b,c) = 1</math>. What is <math>a+b+c</math>? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 59 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D) | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ 59 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 61 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 62 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 63</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 23|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 23|Solution]] | ||
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is a real number? | is a real number? | ||
− | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{3}{ | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{3}{50} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{4}{25} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{41}{200} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{6}{25} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{13}{50}</math> |
[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 24|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 24|Solution]] | ||
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{ | { | ||
filldraw(circle(coord[i],coord[i].y),gray(0.75)); | filldraw(circle(coord[i],coord[i].y),gray(0.75)); | ||
− | }</asy> | + | } |
+ | </asy> | ||
− | + | <math> \textbf{(A)}\ \frac{286}{35} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{583}{70} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{715}{73}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{143}{14} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1573}{146}</math> | |
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[[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 25|Solution]] | [[2015 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 25|Solution]] | ||
== See also == | == See also == | ||
+ | {{AMC12 box|year=2015|ab=A|before=[[2014 AMC 12B Problems]]|after=[[2015 AMC 12B Problems]]}} | ||
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* [[AMC Problems and Solutions]] | * [[AMC Problems and Solutions]] | ||
+ | |||
+ | |||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} |
Latest revision as of 11:36, 7 November 2020
2015 AMC 12A (Answer Key) Printable version: | AoPS Resources • PDF | ||
Instructions
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1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 |
Contents
- 1 Problem 1
- 2 Problem 2
- 3 Problem 3
- 4 Problem 4
- 5 Problem 5
- 6 Problem 6
- 7 Problem 7
- 8 Problem 8
- 9 Problem 9
- 10 Problem 10
- 11 Problem 11
- 12 Problem 12
- 13 Problem 13
- 14 Problem 14
- 15 Problem 15
- 16 Problem 16
- 17 Problem 17
- 18 Problem 18
- 19 Problem 19
- 20 Problem 20
- 21 Problem 21
- 22 Problem 22
- 23 Problem 23
- 24 Problem 24
- 25 Problem 25
- 26 See also
Problem 1
What is the value of
Problem 2
Two of the three sides of a triangle are 20 and 15. Which of the following numbers is not a possible perimeter of the triangle?
Problem 3
Mr. Patrick teaches math to 15 students. He was grading tests and found that when he graded everyone's test except Payton's, the average grade for the class was 80. After he graded Payton's test, the class average became 81. What was Payton's score on the test?
Problem 4
The sum of two positive numbers is 5 times their difference. What is the ratio of the larger number to the smaller?
Problem 5
Amelia needs to estimate the quantity , where and are large positive integers. She rounds each of the integers so that the calculation will be easier to do mentally. In which of these situations will her answer necessarily be greater than the exact value of ?
Problem 6
Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be ?
Problem 7
Two right circular cylinders have the same volume. The radius of the second cylinder is more than the radius of the first. What is the relationship between the heights of the two cylinders?
Problem 8
The ratio of the length to the width of a rectangle is : . If the rectangle has diagonal of length , then the area may be expressed as for some constant . What is ?
Problem 9
A box contains 2 red marbles, 2 green marbles, and 2 yellow marbles. Carol takes 2 marbles from the box at random; then Claudia takes 2 of the remaining marbles at random; and then Cheryl takes the last 2 marbles. What is the probability that Cheryl gets 2 marbles of the same color?
Problem 10
Integers and with satisfy . What is ?
Problem 11
On a sheet of paper, Isabella draws a circle of radius , a circle of radius , and all possible lines simultaneously tangent to both circles. Isabella notices that she has drawn exactly lines. How many different values of are possible?
Problem 12
The parabolas and intersect the coordinate axes in exactly four points, and these four points are the vertices of a kite of area . What is ?
Problem 13
A league with 12 teams holds a round-robin tournament, with each team playing every other team exactly once. Games either end with one team victorious or else end in a draw. A team scores 2 points for every game it wins and 1 point for every game it draws. Which of the following is NOT a true statement about the list of 12 scores?
Problem 14
What is the value of for which ?
Problem 15
What is the minimum number of digits to the right of the decimal point needed to express the fraction as a decimal?
Problem 16
Tetrahedron has and . What is the volume of the tetrahedron?
Problem 17
Eight people are sitting around a circular table, each holding a fair coin. All eight people flip their coins and those who flip heads stand while those who flip tails remain seated. What is the probability that no two adjacent people will stand?
Problem 18
The zeros of the function are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of ?
Problem 19
For some positive integers , there is a quadrilateral with positive integer side lengths, perimeter , right angles at and , , and . How many different values of are possible?
Problem 20
Isosceles triangles and are not congruent but have the same area and the same perimeter. The sides of have lengths of and , while those of have lengths of and . Which of the following numbers is closest to ?
Problem 21
A circle of radius passes through both foci of, and exactly four points on, the ellipse with equation . The set of all possible values of is an interval . What is ?
Problem 22
For each positive integer , let be the number of sequences of length consisting solely of the letters and , with no more than three s in a row and no more than three s in a row. What is the remainder when is divided by 12?
Problem 23
Let be a square of side length 1. Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of . The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least is , where and are positive integers and . What is ?
Problem 24
Rational numbers and are chosen at random among all rational numbers in the interval that can be written as fractions where and are integers with . What is the probability that is a real number?
Problem 25
A collection of circles in the upper half-plane, all tangent to the -axis, is constructed in layers as follows. Layer consists of two circles of radii and that are externally tangent. For , the circles in are ordered according to their points of tangency with the -axis. For every pair of consecutive circles in this order, a new circle is constructed externally tangent to each of the two circles in the pair. Layer consists of the circles constructed in this way. Let , and for every circle denote by its radius. What is
See also
2015 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by 2014 AMC 12B Problems |
Followed by 2015 AMC 12B Problems |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.