Difference between revisions of "2016 AIME II Problems/Problem 9"
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The sequences of positive integers <math>1,a_2, a_3,...</math> and <math>1,b_2, b_3,...</math> are an increasing arithmetic sequence and an increasing geometric sequence, respectively. Let <math>c_n=a_n+b_n</math>. There is an integer <math>k</math> such that <math>c_{k-1}=100</math> and <math>c_{k+1}=1000</math>. Find <math>c_k</math>. | The sequences of positive integers <math>1,a_2, a_3,...</math> and <math>1,b_2, b_3,...</math> are an increasing arithmetic sequence and an increasing geometric sequence, respectively. Let <math>c_n=a_n+b_n</math>. There is an integer <math>k</math> such that <math>c_{k-1}=100</math> and <math>c_{k+1}=1000</math>. Find <math>c_k</math>. | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Since all the terms of the sequences are integers, and 100 isn't very big, we should just try out the possibilities for <math>b_2</math>. When we get to <math>b_2=9</math> and <math>a_2=91</math>, we have <math>a_4=271</math> and <math>b_4=729</math>, which works, therefore, the answer is <math>b_3+a_3=81+181=\boxed{262}</math>. | Since all the terms of the sequences are integers, and 100 isn't very big, we should just try out the possibilities for <math>b_2</math>. When we get to <math>b_2=9</math> and <math>a_2=91</math>, we have <math>a_4=271</math> and <math>b_4=729</math>, which works, therefore, the answer is <math>b_3+a_3=81+181=\boxed{262}</math>. | ||
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Solution by rocketscience | Solution by rocketscience | ||
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+ | == See also == | ||
+ | {{AIME box|year=2016|n=II|num-b=8|num-a=10}} |
Revision as of 21:27, 16 May 2016
The sequences of positive integers and are an increasing arithmetic sequence and an increasing geometric sequence, respectively. Let . There is an integer such that and . Find .
Solution 1
Since all the terms of the sequences are integers, and 100 isn't very big, we should just try out the possibilities for . When we get to and , we have and , which works, therefore, the answer is .
Solution by Shaddoll
Solution 2
Using the same reasoning ( isn't very big), we can guess which terms will work. The first case is , so we assume the second and fourth terms of are and . We let be the common ratio of the geometric sequence and write the arithmetic relationships in terms of .
The common difference is , and so we can equate: . Moving all the terms to one side and the constants to the other yields
, or . Simply listing out the factors of shows that the only factor less than a square that works is . Thus and we solve from there to get .
Solution by rocketscience
See also
2016 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 8 |
Followed by Problem 10 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |