2016 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23

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Problem

Two congruent circles centered at points $A$ and $B$ each pass through the other circle's center. The line containing both $A$ and $B$ is extended to intersect the circles at points $C$ and $D$. The circles intersect at two points, one of which is $E$. What is the degree measure of $\angle CED$?

$\textbf{(A) }90\qquad\textbf{(B) }105\qquad\textbf{(C) }120\qquad\textbf{(D) }135\qquad \textbf{(E) }150$

Solutions

Solution 1

Observe that $\triangle{EAB}$ is equilateral. Therefore, $m\angle{AEB}=m\angle{EAB}=m\angle{EBA} = 60^{\circ}$. Since $CD$ is a straight line, we conclude that $m\angle{EBD} = 180^{\circ}-60^{\circ}=120^{\circ}$. Since $BE=BD$ (both are radii of the same circle), $\triangle{BED}$ is isosceles, meaning that $m\angle{BED}=m\angle{BDE}=30^{\circ}$. Similarly, $m\angle{AEC}=m\angle{ACE}=30^{\circ}$.

Now, $\angle{CED}=m\angle{AEC}+m\angle{AEB}+m\angle{BED} = 30^{\circ}+60^{\circ}+30^{\circ} = 120^{\circ}$. Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\ 120}$.

Solution 2

We know that $\triangle{EAB}$ is equilateral, because all of its sides are congruent radii. Because point $A$ is the center of a circle, $C$ is at the border of a circle, and $E$ and $B$ are points on the edge of that circle, $m\angle{ECB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot m\angle{EAB}=\frac{1}{2}\cdot60^{\circ}=30^{\circ}$. Since $\triangle{CED}$ is isosceles, angle $\angle{CED}=180^{\circ}-2\cdot30^{\circ}=\boxed{\text{(C)}\; 120}$ degrees -SweetMango77.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/NumhAGApJ7c - Happytwin

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