2018 AIME I Problems/Problem 8
Let be an equiangular hexagon such that , and . Denote by the diameter of the largest circle that fits inside the hexagon. Find .
First of all, draw a good diagram! This is always the key to solving any geometry problem. Once you draw it, realize that . Why? Because since the hexagon is equiangular, we can put an equilateral triangle around it, with side length . Then, if you drew it to scale, notice that the "widest" this circle can be according to is . And it will be obvious that the sides won't be inside the circle, so our answer is .
Like solution 1, draw out the large equilateral triangle with side length . Let the tangent point of the circle at be G and the tangent point of the circle at be H. Clearly, GH is the diameter of our circle, and is also perpendicular to and .
The equilateral triangle of side length is similar to our large equilateral triangle of . And the height of the former equilateral triangle is . By our similarity condition,
Solving this equation gives , and
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