# Difference between revisions of "2019 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 9"

## Problem

What is the greatest three-digit positive integer $n$ for which the sum of the first $n$ positive integers is $\underline{not}$ a divisor of the product of the first $n$ positive integers?

$\textbf{(A) } 995 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 996 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 997 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 998 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 999$

### Solution 1

The sum of the first $n$ positive integers is $\frac{(n)(n+1)}{2}$, and we want this not to be a divisor of $n!$ (the product of the first $n$ positive integers). Notice that if and only if $n+1$ were composite, all of its factors would be less than or equal to $n$, which means they would be able to cancel with the factors in $n!$. Thus, the sum of $n$ positive integers would be a divisor of $n!$ when $n+1$ is composite. (Note: This is true for all positive integers except for 1 because 2 is not a divisor/factor of 1.) Hence in this case, $n+1$ must instead be prime. The greatest three-digit integer that is prime is $997$, so we subtract $1$ to get $n=\boxed{\textbf{(B) } 996}$.

### Solution 2

As in Solution 1, we deduce that $n+1$ must be prime. If we can't immediately recall what the greatest three-digit prime is, we can instead use this result to eliminate answer choices as possible values of $n$. Choices $A$, $C$, and $E$ don't work because $n+1$ is even, and all even numbers are divisible by two, which makes choices $A$, $C$, and $E$ composite and not prime. Choice $D$ also does not work since $999$ is divisible by $9$, which means it's a composite number and not prime. Thus, the correct answer must be $\boxed{\textbf{(B) } 996}$.

~savannahsolver

## See Also

 2019 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 8 Followed byProblem 10 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.

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