2019 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 23

Revision as of 19:04, 9 February 2019 by P groudon (talk | contribs) (Unfinished solution. Anyone can write the rest of the solution)

Problem

Define binary operations $\diamondsuit$ and $\heartsuit$ by \[a \, \diamondsuit \, b = a^{\log_{7}(b)} \qquad \text{and} \qquad a  \, \heartsuit \, b = a^{\frac{1}{\log_{7}(b)}}\]for all real numbers $a$ and $b$ for which these expressions are defined. The sequence $(a_n)$ is defined recursively by $a_3 = 3\, \heartsuit\, 2$ and \[a_n = (n\, \heartsuit\, (n-1)) \,\diamondsuit\, a_{n-1}\]for all integers $n \geq 4$. To the nearest integer, what is $\log_{7}(a_{2019})$?

$\textbf{(A) } 8 \qquad  \textbf{(B) } 9 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 10 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 11 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 12$

Solution

Using the recursive definition, $a_4 = (4  \, \heartsuit \, 3) \, \diamondsuit\, (3 \, \heartsuit\, 2)$ or $a_4 = (4^{m})^{n}$ where $m = \frac{1}{\log_{7}(3)}$ and $n = \log_{7}(3^{\frac{1}{\log_{7}(2)}})$. Using logarithm rules, we can remove the exponent of the 3 so that $n = \frac{\log_{7}(3)}{\log_{7}(2)}$. Therefore, $a_4 = 4^{\frac{1}{\log_{7}(2)}}$, which is $4  \, \heartsuit \, 2$.

We claim that $a_n = n  \, \heartsuit \, 2$ for all $n \geq 3$. We can prove this through induction.

See Also

2019 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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