# 2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 17

## Problem

There are $10$ people standing equally spaced around a circle. Each person knows exactly $3$ of the other $9$ people: the $2$ people standing next to her or him, as well as the person directly across the circle. How many ways are there for the $10$ people to split up into $5$ pairs so that the members of each pair know each other? $\textbf{(A)}\ 11 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 12 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 13 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 14 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 15$

## Solution

Let us use casework on the number of diagonals.

Case 1: $0$ diagonals There are $2$ ways: either $1$ pairs with $2$, $3$ pairs with $4$, and so on or $10$ pairs with $1$, $2$ pairs with $3$, etc.

Case 2: $1$ diagonal There are $5$ possible diagonals to draw (everyone else pairs with the person next to them.

Note that there cannot be 2 diagonals.

Case 3: $3$ diagonals

Note that there cannot be a case with 4 diagonals because then there would have to be 5 diagonals for the two remaining people, thus a contradiction.

Case 4: $5$ diagonals There is $1$ way to do this.

Thus, in total there are $2+5+5+1=\boxed{13}$ possible ways.

## Video Solution

~IceMatrix

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